Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Phosphorylation of FANCD2 Inhibits the FANCD2/FANCI Complex and Suppresses the Fanconi Anemia Pathway in the Absence of DNA Damage.


ABSTRACT: Interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) of the DNA helix are a deleterious form of DNA damage. ICLs can be repaired by the Fanconi anemia pathway. At the center of the pathway is the FANCD2/FANCI complex, recruitment of which to DNA is a critical step for repair. After recruitment, monoubiquitination of both FANCD2 and FANCI leads to their retention on chromatin, ensuring subsequent repair. However, regulation of recruitment is poorly understood. Here, we report a cluster of phosphosites on FANCD2 whose phosphorylation by CK2 inhibits both FANCD2 recruitment to ICLs and its monoubiquitination in vitro and in vivo. We have found that phosphorylated FANCD2 possesses reduced DNA binding activity, explaining the previous observations. Thus, we describe a regulatory mechanism operating as a molecular switch, where in the absence of DNA damage, the FANCD2/FANCI complex is prevented from loading onto DNA, effectively suppressing the FA pathway.

SUBMITTER: Lopez-Martinez D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6581795 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4947157 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3836817 | BioStudies
2012-01-01 | S-EPMC3458572 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4027212 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7156235 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7010609 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7588663 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3310437 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4592014 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7067600 | BioStudies