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Impact of the implementation of a fast-track on emergency department length of stay and quality of care indicators in the Champagne-Ardenne region: a before-after study.

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:We aimed to evaluate the effect of the implementation of a fast-track on emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and quality of care indicators. DESIGN:Adjusted before-after analysis. SETTING:A large hospital in the Champagne-Ardenne region, France. PARTICIPANTS:Patients admitted to the ED between 13 January 2015 and 13 January 2017. INTERVENTION:Implementation of a fast-track for patients with small injuries or benign medical conditions (13 January 2016). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES:Proportion of patients with LOS ≥4 hours and proportion of access block situations (when patients cannot access an appropriate hospital bed within 8 hours). 7-day readmissions and 30-day readmissions. RESULTS:The ED of the intervention hospital registered 53 768 stays in 2016 and 57 965 in 2017 (+7.8%). In the intervention hospital, the median LOS was 215 min before the intervention and 186 min after the intervention. The exponentiated before-after estimator for ED LOS ≥4 hours was 0.79; 95% CI 0.77 to 0.81. The exponentiated before-after estimator for access block was 1.19; 95% CI 1.13 to 1.25. There was an increase in the proportion of 30 day readmissions in the intervention hospital (from 11.4% to 12.3%). After the intervention, the proportion of patients leaving without being seen by a physician decreased from 10.0% to 5.4%. CONCLUSIONS:The implementation of a fast-track was associated with a decrease in stays lasting ≥4 hours without a decrease in access block. Further studies are needed to evaluate the causes of variability in ED LOS and their connections to quality of care indicators.

SUBMITTER: Chrusciel J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6588991 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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