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Two-Step Fractionation of a Model Technical Lignin by Combined Organic Solvent Extraction and Membrane Ultrafiltration.

ABSTRACT: A fractionation method for technical lignin was developed, combining organic solvent extraction and membrane ultrafiltration of the solvent soluble component. This method was validated on a commercial wheat straw/Sarkanda grass lignin (Protobind 1000) using 2-butanone (MEK) as the solvent for both the extraction and the ultrafiltration operations. The parent lignin and the different obtained fractions were fully characterized in terms of chemical composition and physicochemical properties by gel permeation chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), pyrolysis-GC/MS, total phenol contents, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (31P NMR), thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry analysis, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The results show that the proposed process allows a straightforward recovery of the different lignin fractions as well as a selective control over their molecular mass distribution and related dependent properties. Moreover, the operating flexibility of the Soxhlet/ultrafiltration process allows the treatment of lignins from different feedstocks using the same installation just by modulating the choice of the solvent and the membrane porosity with the best characteristics. This is one of the most important features of the proposed strategy, which represents a new fractionation approach with the potential to improve lignin valorization for materials science and preparative organic chemistry applications.

SUBMITTER: Allegretti C 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6647992 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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