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Structure, function, and ion-binding properties of a K+ channel stabilized in the 2,4-ion-bound configuration.

ABSTRACT: Here, we present the atomic resolution crystallographic structure, the function, and the ion-binding properties of the KcsA mutants, G77A and G77C, that stabilize the 2,4-ion-bound configuration (i.e., water, K+, water, K+-ion-bound configuration) of the K+ channel's selectivity filter. A full functional and thermodynamic characterization of the G77A mutant revealed wild-type-like ion selectivity and apparent K+-binding affinity, in addition to showing a lack of C-type inactivation gating and a marked reduction in its single-channel conductance. These structures validate, from a structural point of view, the notion that 2 isoenergetic ion-bound configurations coexist within a K+ channel's selectivity filter, which fully agrees with the water-K+-ion-coupled transport detected by streaming potential measurements.

SUBMITTER: Tilegenova C 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6708363 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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