Association of LncRNA MEG3 polymorphisms with efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy has been recommended to the patients with locally advanced breast cancer as the initial treatments. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3, an identified tumor suppressor, has been implicated in the development of various cancers. However, there is no data to evaluate the effect of MEG3 polymorphisms on neoadjuvant treatment in the breast cancer. METHODS:Genotyping was performed using Nanodispenser Spectro CHIP chip spotting and Mass ARRAY Compact System. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the associations between the MEG3 polymorphisms and the pathological complete response (pCR). The disease-free survival (DFS) was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) with a 95% confidential interval (CI). RESULTS:A total of 144 patients with available pretreatment blood species were enrolled in the SHPD002 clinic trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. MEG3 rs10132552 were significantly associated with good response (Adjusted OR?=?2.79, 95% CI 1.096-7.103, p?=?0.031) in dominant model. Median follow-up time was 20?months. In multiple regression analysis, rs10132552 TC?+?CC (adjusted HR?=?0.127, 95% CI 0.22-0.728, p?=?0.02) and rs941576 AG?+?GG (adjusted HR?=?0.183, 95% CI 0.041-0.807, p?=?0.025) were significantly associated with good DFS. MEG3 rs7158663 (OR?=?0.377, 95% CI 0.155-0.917, p?=?0.032) were associated with a low risk of hemoglobin decrease in dominant models. CONCLUSIONS:LncRNA MEG3 polymorphisms were associated with the chemotherapy response and toxicity of paclitaxel and cisplatin. The result indicates that MEG3 polymorphisms can be considered as the predictive and prognostic markers for the breast cancer patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION:Retrospectively registered (ClinicalTrials. Gov identifier: NCT02221999 ); date of registration: Aug 20th, 2014.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Adjuvant bisphosphonates are associated with improved breast cancer survival in postmenopausal patients. Addition of zoledronic acid (ZA) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not improve pathological complete response in the phase III NEOZOTAC trial. Here we report the results of the secondary endpoints, disease-free survival, (DFS) and overall survival (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS:Patients with HER2-negative, stage II/III breast cancer were randomized to receive the standard 6?cycles of neoadjuvant TAC (docetaxel/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide) chemotherapy with or without 4?mg intravenous (IV) ZA administered within 24?h of chemotherapy. This was repeated every 21?days for 6?cycles. Cox regression models were used to evaluate the effect of ZA and covariates on DFS and OS. Regression models were used to examine the association between insulin, glucose, insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels, and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression with survival outcomes. RESULTS:Two hundred forty-six women were eligible for inclusion. After a median follow-up of 6.4?years, OS for all patients was significantly worse for those who received ZA (HR 0.468, 95% CI 0.226-0.967, P?=?0.040). DFS was not significantly different between the treatment arms (HR 0.656, 95% CI 0.371-1.160, P?=?0.147). In a subgroup analysis of postmenopausal women, no significant difference in DFS or OS was found for those who received ZA compared with the control group (HR 0.464, 95% CI 0.176-1.222, P?=?0.120; HR 0.539, 95% CI 0.228-1.273, P?=?0.159, respectively). The subgroup analysis of premenopausal patients was not significantly different for DFS and OS ((HR 0.798, 95% CI 0.369-1.725, P?=?0.565; HR 0.456, 95% CI 0.156-1.336, P?=?0.152, respectively). Baseline IGF-1R expression was not significantly associated with DFS or OS. In a predefined additional study, lower serum levels of insulin were associated with improved DFS (HR 1.025, 95% CI 1.005-1.045, P?= 0.014). CONCLUSIONS:Our results suggest that ZA in combination with neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with a worse OS in breast cancer (both pre- and postmenopausal patients). However, in a subgroup analysis of postmenopausal patients, ZA treatment was not associated with DFS or OS. Also, DFS was not significantly different between both groups. IGF-1R expression in tumor tissue before and after neoadjuvant treatment did not predict survival. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01099436 , April 2010.
Project description:Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for most lung cancer patients. However, the toxicity induced by platinum-based chemotherapy greatly impedes its clinical use. Previous studies showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) with over 200 nucleotides in length affect drug response and toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the association of well-characterized lung cancer lncRNA polymorphisms with platinum-based chemotherapy toxicity in Chinese patients with lung cancer. A total of 467 lung cancer patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy for at least two cycles were recruited. We primarily focused on gastrointestinal and hematological toxicities. A total of 14 potentially functional polymorphisms within 8 lncRNAs (HOTTIP, HOTAIT, H19, ANRIL, CCAT2, MALAT1, MEG3, and POLR2E) were genotyped. Unconditional logistical regression analysis was conducted to assess the associations. Gene-gene and gene-environment interactions were identified using the software generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR). ANRIL rs1333049 was associated with severe overall toxicity in an additive model (adjusted OR=0.723, 95% CI=0.541-0.965, P=0.028). ANRIL rs1333049 was also associated with severe gastrointestinal toxicity in both the additive (adjusted OR=0.690, 95% CI=0.489-0.974, P=0.035) and dominant (adjusted OR=0.558, 95% CI=0.335-0.931, P=0.025) models. MEG3 rs116907618 was associated with severe gastrointestinal toxicity in an additive model (adjusted OR=1.717, 95% CI=1.007-2.927, P=0.047). GMDR identified the three-factor interaction model of POLR2E rs3787016-HOTTIP rs3807598-chemotherapy regimen as the best predictive model for hematological toxicity. In conclusion, ANRIL and MEG3 genetic polymorphisms are associated with severe platinum toxicity and could be considered as biomarkers for pretreatment evaluation in Chinese patients with lung cancer.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The role of capecitabine in neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly controversial. Our meta-analysis was designed to further elucidate the effects of capecitabine on survival in early-stage TNBC patients and its safety.<h4>Methods</h4>PubMed, Embase, and papers presented at several main conferences were searched up to December 19, 2019, to investigate capecitabine-based versus capecitabine-free neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy in TNBC patients. Heterogeneity was assessed using I<sup>2</sup> test, combined with hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) computed for disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and over grade 3 adverse events (AEs).<h4>Results</h4>A total of 9 randomized clinical trials and 3842 TNBC patients were included. Overall, the combined capecitabine regimens in neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy showed significantly improved DFS (HR?=?0.75; 95% CI, 0.65-0.86; P?<?0.001) and OS (HR?=?0.63; 95% CI, 0.53-0.77; P?<?0.001). In subgroup analysis, there were improvements in DFS in the groups with addition of capecitabine (HR?=?0.64; 95% CI, 0.53-0.78; P?<?0.001), adjuvant chemotherapy (HR?=?0.73; 95% CI, 0.63-0.85; P?<?0.001), and lymph node positivity (HR?=?0.62; 95% CI, 0.44-0.86; P?=?0.005). Capecitabine regimens were related to higher risks of diarrhea (OR?=?2.88, 95% CI 2.23-3.74, P?<?0.001), stomatitis (OR?=?2.01, 95% CI 1.53-2.64, P?<?0.001) and hand-foot syndrome (OR?=?8.67, 95% CI 6.70-11.22, P?<?0.001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>This meta-analysis showed that neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy combined with capecitabine significantly improved both DFS and OS in early-stage TNBC patients with tolerable AEs. There were benefits to DFS in the groups with the addition of capecitabine, adjuvant chemotherapy, and lymph node positivity.
Project description:Background and Objective:Systemic inflammation response index (SIRI=N×M/L), based on neutrophil (N), monocyte (M), and lymphocyte (L) counts, is used to predict the survival of patients with malignant tumors and can fully evaluate the balance between host immune and inflammatory condition. The present study is aimed to evaluate the potential prognostic significance of SIRI in patients with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Subjects and Methods:A total of 262 breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this retrospective study. The optimal cutoff value of SIRI by receiver operating characteristic curve stratified patients into low SIRI (<0.85×109/L) group and high SIRI (?0.85×109/L) group. The associations between breast cancer and clinicopathological variables by SIRI were determined by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank test were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes of disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze the prognostic value of SIRI. The toxicity of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was evaluated by the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCICTC). Results:The results were shown that SIRI had prognostic significance by optimal cutoff value of 0.85×109/L on DFS and OS in univariate and multivariate Cox regression survival analyses. Compared with patients who had high SIRI, patients with low SIRI had longer DFS and OS (41.27 vs 30.45 months, HR: 1.694, 95% CI: 1.128-2.543, P=0.011; 52.86 vs 45.75 months, HR: 1.288, 95% CI: 0.781-3.124, P=0.002, respectively). The patients with low SIRI had better 3-, 5-, and 10-year rates of DFS and OS than those with high SIRI. The common toxicities after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were hematologic and gastrointestinal reaction, and the SIRI had no significance on toxicities of all enrolled patients, excepted diarrhea. In patients without neural invasion, those with low SIRI had better prognosis and lower recurrence rates than those with high SIRI. Conclusion:Pretreatment SIRI with the advantage of repeatable, convenient, and non-invasive is a useful prognostic indicator for breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and is a promising biomarker for breast cancer on treatment strategy decisions.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Trastuzumab was introduced a decade ago and has improved outcomes for HER2-positive breast cancer. We investigated the factors predictive of pathological complete response (pCR), prognostic factors for disease-free survival (DFS), and interactions between pCR and DFS after neoadjuvant treatment. METHODS:We identified 287 patients with primary HER2-positive breast cancers given neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) between 2002 and 2011. Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinical and pathological factors associated with pCR and DFS were performed. RESULTS:pCR rates differed between patients receiving neoadjuvant trastuzumab treatment or not (47.7% versus 19.3%, P<0.0001). DFS also differed significantly between patients receiving adjuvant trastuzumab or not (hazard ratio=4.84, 95% CI (2.52; 9.31), P<0.001). We analysed 199 patients given neoadjuvant and adjuvant trastuzumab. Multivariate analysis identified older age and hormone receptor-negative tumours as independent predictors of pCR. T stage (hazard ratio=2.55, 95% CI (1.01; 6.48), P=0.05) and strict pCR (hazard ratio=9.15, 95% CI (1.22; 68.83), P=0.03) were independent predictors of DFS. The latter association was significant in the HR-negative subgroup (P=0.02) but not in the HR-positive subgroup (P=0.12). CONCLUSIONS:Major pCR and DFS gains in HER2-positive BC were observed since 'trastuzumab' era. Further improvements rely on the enrollment of accurately selected patients into clinical trials.
Project description:Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive disease and of poor prognosis. It is very important to identify novel biomarkers to predict therapeutic response and outcome of TNBC. We investigated the association between polymorphisms in PARP1 gene and clinicopathological characteristics or survival of 272 patients with stage I-III primary TNBC treated with anthracycline/taxane based adjuvant chemotherapy. We found that after adjusted by age, grade, tumor size, lymph node status and vascular invasion, rs7531668 TA genotype carriers had significantly better DFS rate than TT genotype carriers, the 5?y DFS was 79.3% and 69.2% (P?=?0.046, HR 0.526 95% CI 0.280-0.990). In lymph node negative subgroup, DFS of rs6664761 CC genotype carriers was much better than TT genotype carriers (P?=?0.016, HR 0.261 95% CI 0.088-0.778) and DFS of rs7531668 AA genotype carriers was shorter than TT genotype carriers (P?=?0.015, HR 3.361 95% CI 1.259-8.969). In subgroup of age ? 50, rs6664761 TC genotype predicted favorable DFS than TT genotype (P?=?0.042, HR 0.405 95% CI 0.170-0.967). Polymorphisms in PARP1 gene had no influence on treatment toxicities. After multivariate analysis, tumor size (P?=?0.037, HR?=?2.829, 95% CI: 1.063-7.525) and lymph node status (P?<?0.001, HR?=?9.943, 95% CI: 2.974-33.243) were demonstrated to be independent prognostic factors. Our results suggested that polymorphisms in PARP1 gene might predict the DFS of TNBC patients treated with anthracycline/taxane based adjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:The optimal time from surgery to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer is still controversial. We investigated the influence of time to adjuvant chemotherapy on survival outcomes according to breast cancer subtype.Longer delay of initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy (≤4 weeks versus >8 weeks)) significantly decreased the DFS (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] of 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-2.90) and OS (adjusted HR of 2.02; 95% CI, 1.10-3.71). However, a moderate delay (≤4 weeks versus 4-8 weeks) did not significantly influence the survival. We further investigated the effect of time to adjuvant chemotherapy (≤8 versus >8 weeks) on survival according to subtypes. Patients with luminal-A tumors who received delayed chemotherapy had no increased risk of recurrence (HR of 1.15; 95% CI, 0.54-2.43). In contrast, patients with luminal-B, triple-negative, or trastuzumab-untreated HER2-positive tumors would have decreased DFS because of delayed chemotherapy, with HR of 1.93 (95% CI, 1.10-3.34), 2.55 (95% CI, 1.25-5.18), and 2.41 (95% CI, 1.36-4.26), respectively.Operable women with stage I-IIIa breast cancer between 2003 and 2006 in our institution were included. 1,408 patients were divided into 3 groups according to the time to adjuvant chemotherapy: ≤4 weeks, 4-8 weeks, and >8 weeks. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated.Longer delay of adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with worse survival and early initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy should be performed for patients with aggressive tumor subtypes.
Project description:Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) mediates angiogenesis, which is crucial for tumor development and progression. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of VEGFA gene polymorphisms rs699947, rs833061, rs1570360, rs2010963 and rs3025039 on breast cancer features and prognosis. A cohort of Brazilian women (N = 1038) with unilateral non-metastatic breast cancer was evaluated. The association between VEGFA polymorphisms and histopathological features or pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was evaluated by the Chi-square test, with calculation of the respective odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). The impact of individual categories on disease-free survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models for calculation of adjusted hazard ratios (HRadjusted). Variant genotypes of rs699947 (CA + AA) were significantly associated with high-grade (G2 + G3) tumors (OR = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.15 - 2.89), and with shorter disease-free survival among patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by mastectomy (HRadjusted = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.16 - 2.86). Variant genotypes of rs833061 (TC + CC) were significantly associated with high-grade (G2 + G3) tumors (OR = 1.79; 95% CI = 1.12 - 2.84) and with positive lymph node status (OR = 1.34; 95% CI = 1.01 - 1.77), but showed no independent effect on disease-free survival. Variant haplotypes (*2 to *5) appear to favor pCR (OR = 7.1; 95% CI = 1.7 - 30.1). VEGFA genotyping may add to prognostic evaluation of breast cancer, with rs699947 being the most likely to contribute.
Project description:BRCA1/BRCA2 genes play a central role in DNA repair and their mutations increase sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents. There are conflicting data regarding the prognostic value of BRCA germline mutations in breast cancer (BC) patients. We collected clinical, pathological and genetic data of a cohort 925 BC patients preselected for genetic screening and treated with neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, of whom 266 were BRCA carriers. Overall, 171 women carried a BRCA1 mutation, 95 carried a BRCA2 mutation, and 659 were non-carriers. In the entire cohort, there was a prolonged disease-free survival (DFS) for BRCA carriers (hazard ratio (HR)?=?0.63; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.44-0.90 for BRCA1; HR?=?0.72; 95%CI, 0.47-1.1 for BRCA2; p?=?0.020) and a trend toward prolonged disease-specific survival (DSS; HR?=?0.65; 95%CI, 0.40-1.1 for BRCA1; HR?=?0.78; 95%CI, 0.44-1.38 for BRCA2; p?=?0.19) though not statistically significant. In the TNBC group, BRCA carriers had prolonged DFS (adjusted HR?=?0.50; 95%CI, 0.28-0.89 for BRCA1; adjusted HR?=?0.37; 95%CI, 0.11-1.25, for BRCA2; p?=?0.034) and DSS (adjusted HR?=?0.42; 95%CI, 0.21-0.82 for BRCA1; adjusted HR?=?0.45; 95%CI, 0.11-1.9 for BRCA2; p?=?0.023). In the non-TNBC group, the BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations did not have any impact on survival. These results suggest that BRCA1/BRCA2 germline mutations are associated with prolonged survival only if women were diagnosed with TNBC.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Lymphopenia has been associated with inferior cancer outcomes, but there is limited data in breast cancer. We describe the effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on circulating immune cells and its association with pathological complete response (pCR) rates in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). METHODS:We constructed a database of patients with early stage TNBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Circulating lymphocytes and monocytes were assessed before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These were correlated with pCR rates and disease-free survival (DFS) using Fisher's exact test, logistic regression, and the log-rank test. RESULTS:From 2000 to 2015, we identified 95 eligible patients. Median age was 50; 29 (31%) were treated with platinum-containing chemotherapy; and 66 (69%) with nonplatinum-containing chemotherapy (anthracycline-taxane, or either alone). About 32 (34%) patients achieved a pCR; and 33 (35%) had recurrence events. Median follow-up time was 47 months. No significant associations were found between changes in lymphocytes and pCR or DFS. There was a correlation between lower monocyte levels after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and pCR (mean monocyte 0.56 in those with no-pCR vs 0.46 in those with pCR, P = .049, multivariate P = .078) and DFS (median DFS in highest monocyte quartile was 30 vs 107 months in lowest quartile, P = .022, multivariate P = .023). In patients who received nonplatinum regimens, DFS was better among those who had larger decreases in monocytes. CONCLUSIONS:Development of lymphopenia from neoadjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with pCR in patients with TNBC. However, lower absolute circulating monocytes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with improved outcomes.