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Evaluation of two distinct placental-derived membranes and their effect on tenocyte responses in vitro.

ABSTRACT: Tendon healing is a complex, multiphase process that results in increased scar tissue formation, leading to weaker tendons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response of tenocytes to both hypothermically stored amniotic membrane (HSAM) and dehydrated amnion/chorion membrane (dACM). Composition and growth factor release from HSAM and dACM were evaluated using proteomics microarrays. HSAM and dACM releasate was used to assess tenocyte proliferation, migration, gene expression, extracellular matrix (ECM) protein deposition, and response to inflammation. Additionally, tenocyte-ECM interactions were evaluated. HSAM and dACM contain and release growth factors relevant to tendon healing, including insulin-like growth factor I, platelet-derived growth factor, and basic fibroblast growth factor. Both dACM and HSAM promoted increased tenocyte proliferation and migration; tenocytes treated with dACM proliferated more robustly, whereas treatment with HSAM resulted in higher migration. Both dACM and HSAM resulted in altered ECM gene expression; dACM grafts alone resulted in increases in collagen deposition. Furthermore, both allografts resulted in altered tenocyte responses to inflammation with reduced transforming growth factor beta levels. Additionally, dACM treatment resulted in increased expression and production of matrix metalloprotease-1 (MMP-1), whereas HSAM treatment resulted in decreased production of MMP-1. Tenocytes migrated into and remodeled HSAM only. These results indicate that both grafts have properties that support tendon healing; however, the results presented here suggest that the responses to each type of graft may be different. Due to the complex environment during tendon repair, additional work is needed to evaluate these effects using in vivo models.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6771722 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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