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Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles: molecular parcels that enable regulation of the immune response in cancer.


ABSTRACT: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a heterogeneous collection of membrane-bound vesicles released by cells that contain bioactive cargoes including proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. Multiple subpopulations of EVs have now been recognized and these include exosomes and microvesicles. EVs have been thought to facilitate intercellular and distal communication to bring about various processes that enable tumor progression and metastases. Here, we describe the current knowledge of the functional cargo contained within EVs, with a focus on tumor microvesicles, and review the emerging theory of how EVs support immune suppression in cancer.

SUBMITTER: Sheehan C 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6826013 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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