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Tunable Spreading and Shrinking on Photocontrolled Liquid Substrate.


ABSTRACT: Droplets of n-hexadecane were observed to shrink under ultraviolet (365 nm) and spread under blue light (475 nm) irradiation on an aqueous solution of photosensitive surfactant AzoTAB. We demonstrate that the change of wettability of n-hexadecane droplet on the solution depends on the change of oil-water interface tension. According to the addition of ethanol into the substrate, the change of relative diameter ?D/D exceeds 20%, much larger than the system without ethanol. With light-emitting diode (LED) light as a sole power source, without any other triggers, we provide a contactless and isothermal method to realize photocontrolled alternative spreading and shrinking of a droplet on a liquid surface, which provides a basis for a chromocapillary-based optical zoom liquid lens.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6933795 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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