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Intraluminal Thrombus Predicts Rapid Growth of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

ABSTRACT: Background Intraluminal thrombus (ILT) within abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) may be a potential marker for subsequent aneurysm growth. Purpose To investigate the role of ILT in AAA progression as assessed with CT and MRI. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective study, with patient data included from January 2004 to December 2018 at a Veteran Affairs medical center. Male patients with AAA who underwent contrast material-enhanced CT at baseline and CT or black-blood MRI at follow-up (minimal follow-up duration of 6 months) were included. The maximal AAA diameter was measured with multiplanar reconstruction, and the annual growth rate of aneurysms was calculated. Uni- and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationship between demographic and imaging factors and aneurysm growth. Results A total of 225 patients (mean age, 72 years ± 9 [standard deviation]) were followed for a mean of 3.3 years ± 2.5. A total of 207 patients were followed up with CT, and 18 were followed up with MRI. At baseline, the median size of the AAA was 3.8 cm (interquartile range [IQR], 3.3-4.3 cm); 127 of 225 patients (54.7%) had ILT. When compared with AAAs without ILT, AAAs with ILT had larger baseline diameters (median, 4.1 cm [IQR, 3.6-4.8 cm] vs 3.4 cm [IQR, 3.2-3.9 cm]; P < .001) and faster growth rates (median, 2.0 mm/y [IQR, 1.3-3.2 mm/y] vs 1.0 mm/y [IQR, 0.4-1.8 mm/y]; P < .001). Small AAAs (size range, 3-4 cm) with ILT grew 1.9-fold faster than did those without ILT (median, 1.5 mm/y [IQR, 0.9-2.7 mm/y] vs 0.8 mm/y [IQR, 0.3-1.5 mm/y]; P < .001). Medium AAAs (size range, 4-5 cm) with ILT had 1.2-fold faster growth than did those without ILT (median growth, 2.1 mm/y [IQR, 1.4, 3.7 mm/y] vs 1.8 mm/y [IQR, 0.9, 2.0 mm/y]; P = .06). In multivariable analysis, baseline diameter and ILT were independently positively related to aneurysm growth rate (standardized regression coefficient, 0.43 [P < .001] and 0.15 [P = .02], respectively). Conclusion Both maximal cross-sectional aneurysm diameter and the presence of intraluminal thrombus are independent predictors of abdominal aortic aneurysm growth. © RSNA, 2020 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7051169 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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