A Clinico-Genotypic Prognostic Index for De Novo Composite Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Arising from Follicular Lymphoma in Asian patients treated in the Rituximab Era.
ABSTRACT: Composite follicular lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (FL/DLBCL) is uncommonly found on lymph node biopsy and represents a rare haematological malignancy. We aim to examine clinico-pathological features of patients with FL/DLBCL and investigate predictors of survival outcome. We included in our retrospective study patients with histologically-proven FL/DLBCL at diagnosis (n?=?106) and who were subsequently treated with rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy from 2002-2017 at the National Cancer Centre. The cohort consisted of 34 women and 72 men with a median age of 59 years (range, 24-82). In a multivariate model inclusive of known clinico-pathological parameters at diagnosis, advanced stage (p?=?0.0136), presence of MYC and/or BCL6 rearrangement (p?=?0.0376) and presence of B symptoms (p?=?0.0405) were independently prognostic for worse overall survival (OS). The only remaining independent prognostic variables for worse OS after including first-line treatment data in the model were use of chemotherapy regimens other than R-CHOP (p?=?0.0360) and lack of complete response to chemotherapy (p?
Project description:PURPOSE:We have previously shown the prognostic significance of BCL2 expression in the activated B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (ABC-DLBCL) patients treated with cyclophosphamide-Adriamycin-vincristine-prednisone (CHOP) or CHOP-like therapy. However, after the inclusion of rituximab (R) in the CHOP regimen, several conflicting observations about the prognostic value of BCL2 expression have been reported. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:We evaluated the R-CHOP cohort of 221 DLBCL cases with gene expression profiling data. BCL2 protein (n = 169), mRNA (n = 221) expression, and t(14;18) (n = 144) were correlated with clinical outcome. The CHOP cohort (n = 181) was used for comparative analysis. RESULTS:BCL2 protein expression has significant impact on overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) in DLBCL (OS, P = 0.009; EFS, P = 0.001) and GCB-DLBCL (OS, P = 0.03; EFS, P = 0.002) but not in ABC-DLBCL in the R-CHOP cohort. The survival differences for EFS in GCB-DLBCL were still observed in multivariate analysis. At the mRNA level, this correlation was observed in EFS in DLBCL (P = 0.006), but only a trend was observed in GCB-DLBCL (P = 0.09). The t(14;18) was detected in 34% of GCB-DLBCL but was not associated with significant differences in survival. Gene enrichment analysis identified significant enrichment of the DLBCL "stromal-1" signatures and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1-?) signature in BCL2(-)GCB-DLBCL, whereas T(FH) cell signatures were enriched in BCL2(+)GCB-DLBCL. CONCLUSION:The prognostic significance of BCL2 has changed after inclusion of rituximab in the treatment protocol and is observed in the GCB-DLBCL rather than the ABC-DLBCL. Although rituximab has benefited patients in both DLBCL subgroups, the BCL2(+)GCB-DLBCL seems to receive less benefit from this treatment and may require other novel therapeutic intervention.
Project description:The role of body mass index (BMI) in survival outcomes is controversial among lymphoma patients. We evaluated the association between BMI at study entry and failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS) in three phase III clinical trials, among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), follicular lymphoma (FL) and Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL).A total of 537, 730 and 282 patients with DLBCL, HL and FL were included in the analysis. Baseline patient and clinical characteristics, treatment received and clinical outcomes were compared across BMI categories.Among patients with DLBCL, HL and FL, the median age was 70, 33 and 56; 29%, 29% and 37% were obese and 38%, 27% and 37% were overweight, respectively. Age was significantly different among BMI groups in all three studies. Higher BMI groups tended to have more favorable prognosis factors at study entry among DLBCL and HL patients. BMI was not associated with clinical outcome with P-values of 0.89, 0.30 and 0.40 for FFS, and 0.64, 0.67 and 0.09 for OS, for patients with DLBCL, HL and FL, respectively. The association remains non-significant after adjusting for other clinical factors in the Cox model. A subset analysis of males with DLBCL treated on R-CHOP revealed no differences in FFS (P = 0.48) or OS (P = 0.58).BMI was not significantly associated with clinical outcomes among patients with DLBCL, HD or FL, in three prospective phase III clinical trials. The findings contradict some previous reports of similar investigations. Further work is required to understand the observed discrepancies.
Project description:TP53 Arg72Pro (SNP rs1042522) is associated with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of NHL. However, the relationship between this SNP and prognosis of DLBCL in Asians is unknown.Genotyping of TP53 Arg72Pro was done in 425 Chinese DLBCL patients. Two hundred and eighty-nine patients were treated with R-CHOP, and 136 patients received CHOP or CHOP-like as frontline regimen. Three hundred and ninety-six patients were assessable for the efficacy.Patients with Arg/Arg and Arg/Pro at codon 72 of TP53 had a higher complete response rate (61% vs. 44%, P?=?0.007) than those with Pro/Pro. In the subgroup treated with CHOP or CHOP-like therapy, patients with Arg/Arg and Arg/Pro showed a higher 5-year overall survival (OS) rate than those with Pro/Pro (68.8% vs. 23.2%, P?=?0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed TP53 Arg72 as a favorable prognostic factor in this group. However, the combination of rituximab with CHOP significantly increased the 5-year OS rate of patients with Pro/Pro to 63%.This study revealed TP53 Arg72 as a favorable prognostic factor for Chinese DLBCL patients treated with CHOP or CHOP-like as frontline therapy.
Project description:The prognostic value of serum beta-2 microglobulin for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is not well known in the rituximab era. A retrospective registry data analysis of 833 patients with de novo DLBCL treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) was conducted to establish the prognostic significance of serum beta-2 microglobulin at a ≥2.5 mg/L cutoff. Five-year progression-free survival (PFS, 76.1% vs. 41.0%; p < 0.001) and overall survival (OS, 83.8% vs. 49.2%; p < 0.001) were significantly worse in patients with elevated serum beta-2 microglobulin (n = 290, 34.8%). Furthermore, the five parameters of the International Prognostic Index, accompanying B symptoms, bone marrow involvement and impaired renal function were associated with worse PFS and OS. In multivariate analysis, elevated beta-2 microglobulin was a significant poor prognostic factor for PFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-2.24; p < 0.001) and OS (HR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.47-2.75; p < 0.001). In an independent validation cohort of 258 R-CHOP treated patients with de novo DLBCL, elevated beta-2 microglobulin levels remained a significant poor prognostic factor for PFS (HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.23-3.32; p = 0.005) and exhibited a strong trend of association with worse OS (HR, 1.64; 95% CI, 0.98-2.75; p = 0.062). The significance of serum beta-2 microglobulin levels as an independent prognostic factor for patients with DLBCL receiving R-CHOP is confirmed.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Liver function is routinely assessed in clinical practice as liver function tests provide sensitive indicators of hepatocellular injury. However, the prognostic value of enzymes that indicate hepatic injury has never been systematically investigated in lymphoma, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS:This study examined the prognostic value of baseline aspartic transaminase (AST) in DLBCL patients. The association between AST and clinical features was analyzed in 179 DLBCL patients treated from 2006 to 2016. All enrolled patients were treated with R-CHOP or R-CHOP-like chemotherapy. Log-rank test, univariable analysis, and subgroup analysis were performed to evaluate the impact of AST on survival. RESULTS:AST 33.3?U/L was considered to be the optimal threshold value for predicting prognosis. A higher AST level was associated with advanced stage (P?=?0.001), poorer performance status (P?=?0.014), elevated lactate dehydrogenase level (P?<? 0.0001), presence of B symptoms (P?=?0.001), high-risk International Prognostic Index (IPI, IPI 3-5) (P?=?0.002), non-germinal center B-cell subtypes (P?=?0.038), hepatitis B virus surface antigen positivity (P?=?0.045) and more extra nodal involvement (ENI, ENI???2) (P?=?0.027). Patients with a higher AST level had a shorter overall survival (OS) (2-year OS rate, 53.6% vs. 83.6%, P?<? 0.001). Subgroup analysis indicated that higher AST levels have poorer prognostic values in patients without B symptoms and LDH positive groups. CONCLUSION:A pretreatment AST level is associated with OS in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP or similar chemotherapy regimens. A high pretreatment AST level might be a reliable prognostic factor for predicting a dismal outcome in DLBCL patients. Serum AST levels may be investigated for use as an easily determinable, inexpensive biomarker for risk assessment in patients with DLBCL.
Project description:Genetic variation in the 6p21 chromosomal region, including human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), has been linked to both etiology and clinical outcomes of lymphomas. We estimated the effects of HLA class I (A, B, and C), class II DRB1 alleles, and the ancestral haplotype (AH) 8.1 (HLAA*01-B*08-DRB1*03-TNF-308A) on overall survival (OS) among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) in a population-based study of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. During a median followup of 89 months, 31% (52 of 166) DLBCL and 28% (46 of 165) FL patients died. Using multivariate Cox regression models, we observed statistically significant associations between genetic variants and survival: HLA-Cw*07:01 was associated with poorer OS among DLBCL patients (Hazard ratio [HR] = 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01-3.05); HLA-A*01:01 was associated with poorer OS (HR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.24-4.01), and HLA-DRB1*13 (HR = 0.12, 95% CI = 0.02-0.90) and HLA-B Bw4 (HR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.20-0.63) with better OS among FL patients. These results support a role for HLA in the prognosis of DLBCL and FL and represent a promising class of prognostic factors that warrants further evaluation.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) present with poor clinical outcome and intolerance to intensive chemotherapy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) show anti-lymphoma activities and can be applied to treat DLBCL. This study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of oral HDACI tucidinostat (formerly known as chidamide) plus R-CHOP (CR-CHOP) in elderly patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL (International Prognostic Index???2). RESULTS:Among 49 patients, the complete response rate was 86%, with overall response rate achieving 94%. The 2-year progression survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 68% (95% CI 52-79) and 83% (95% CI 68-91). Comparing with historical control (NCT01852435), the 2-year PFS and OS rates of double-expressor lymphoma phenotype (DEL) were improved, and negative prognostic effect of histone acetyltransferases CREBBP/EP300 mutations was also mitigated by CR-CHOP. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was reported in 171, grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia in 27, and grade 3 anemia in 11 of 283 cycles. No grade 4 non-hematological adverse event was reported. CONCLUSION:CR-CHOP is effective and safe in elderly patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL. Relevance of DEL phenotype and molecular biomarkers on CR-CHOP response warrants further investigation in DLBCL. Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT02753647. Registered on April 28, 2016.
Project description:Polyploid chromosomes are those with more than two sets of homologous chromosomes. Polyploid chromosomal abnormalities are observed in various malignant tumors. The prognosis in such cases is generally poor. However, there are no studies examining the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with polyploid chromosomal abnormalities. Therefore, we statistically compared the clinicopathological features between polyploid DLBCL and DLBCL without polyploid abnormalities. Herein, 51 polyploid DLBCL and 53 control (without polyploid chromosomal abnormalities) cases were examined. G-banding method was employed to define polyploidy by cytogenetic analysis. Subsequently, flow cytometric immunophenotyping and immunohistochemical staining were performed. Polyploid DLBCL was defined as DLBCL with either near-tetraploid or greater number of chromosomes, as detected by the G-band. In a survival analysis, a significantly worse overall survival (OS) was observed for polyploid DLBCL (p = 0.04; p = 0.02 in cases who received R-CHOP regimens). In a multivariate analysis of OS, polyploid chromosomal abnormalities were an independent prognostic factor. Our results suggest that polyploid chromosomal abnormalities detected through G-band may represent a new poor prognostic factor for DLBCL.
Project description:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to investigate the association of pre-treatment inflammatory status with survival time and to develop a prognostic nomogram incorporating inflammatory cytokines in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS:A total of 228 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) received R-CHOP-based regimens from a prospective randomized study (NCT01852435) were included as a training cohort. Other cohorts of 886 lymphoma patients were served as validation cohorts. Lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), serum levels of soluble interleukin s(IL)-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), were assessed before treatment. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression were used to select variables for nomogram of overall survival (OS). The predictive accuracy of the nomogram was determined by concordance index (C-index). FINDINGS:The nomogram included lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), sIL-2R, TNF-? and decreased LMR. The C-index of the nomogram for OS prediction were range from 0.61 to 0.86 for training cohort of DLBCL and validation cohorts of DLBCL, PTCL, NKTCL and ASCT, which were superior to the predictive power of International Prognostic Index (IPI, 0.67 to 0.84) or NCCN-IPI (0.59 to 0.78), but not in those of indolent lymphoma like FL and MALT. INTERPRETATIONS:The nomogram incorporating inflammatory cytokines provides a useful tool for risk stratification in aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. FUND: National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Shanghai Commission of Science and Technology, Multicenter Clinical Research Project by Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Clinical Research Plan of SHDC, and Chang Jiang Scholars Program.
Project description:The international staging system (ISS), based on serum beta-2 microglobulin and albumin, is used to predict survival in multiple myeloma, but its prognostic significance in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains unknown. Herein, we retrospectively analyzed 215 de novo DLBCL patients. According to ISS, there were 90 of 215 (41.9%) patients in stage I, 98 of 215 (45.6%) in stage II and 27 of 215 (12.6%) in stage III group. Patients with ISS stage II/III showed shorter overall survival (OS) and event free survival (EFS) than those with stage I treated with R-CHOP (p = 0.012 and p = 0.043, respectively), but not those treated with CHOP regimen (p > 0.05). Multivariable analysis revealed that ISS, independent of IPI, indicated different survival in both OS (HR, 5.690; 95% CI, 1.270-25.495, p = 0.023) and EFS (HR, 2.116; 95% CI, 1.005-4.455, p = 0.049) in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP. ISS could identify patients with better outcome in intermediate-high/high IPI risk patients (p < 0.05). Our data suggests that advanced ISS stage is associated with inferior outcome in DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP. ISS could identify a subgroup of DLBCL patients with superior outcome from high IPI risk patients, which may help to avoid intensive therapy.