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Does type 2 diabetes confer higher relative rates of cardiovascular events in women compared with men?


ABSTRACT: AIMS:To investigate whether diabetes confers higher relative rates of cardiovascular events in women compared with men using contemporary data, and whether these sex-differences depend on age. METHODS AND RESULTS:All Danish residents aged 40-89?years without a history major adverse cardiovascular events, including heart failure, as of 1 January 2012 until 31 December 2016 were categorized by diabetes-status and characterized by individual-level linkage of Danish nationwide administrative registers. We used Poisson regression to calculate overall and age-dependent incidence rates, incidence rate ratios, and women-to-men ratios for myocardial infarction, heart failure, ischaemic stroke, or cardiovascular death (MACE-HF). Among 218 549 (46% women) individuals with diabetes, the absolute rate of MACE-HF was higher in men than in women (24.9 vs. 19.9 per 1000 person-years). Corresponding absolute rates in men and women without diabetes were 10.1 vs. 7.0 per 1000 person-years. Comparing individuals with and without diabetes, women had higher relative rates of MACE-HF than men [2.8 (confidence interval, CI 2.9-2.9) in women vs. 2.5 (CI 2.4-2.5) in men] with a women-to-men ratio of 1.15 (CI 1.11-1.19, P?

SUBMITTER: Malmborg M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7109603 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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