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The Effect of Capsulotomy Shape on Intraocular Light-Scattering after Nd:YAG Laser Capsulotomy.

ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate the effects of capsulotomy shape on the visual acuity and visual quality after neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet laser capsulotomy. Methods In this study, a total of 42 eyes from 35 patients with posterior capsule opacification were divided into the circular and cruciate groups. The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), objective scatter index (OSI), modulation transfer function cutoff (MTF cutoff), Strehl ratio, and Optical Quality Analysis System values at contrasts of 100%, 20%, and 9% (OV-100, OV-20, and OV-9) were measured at precapsulotomy and 1 week and 1 month postcapsulotomy. The pseudophakic dysphotopsia questionnaire (PDQ) was used to evaluate the subjects' satisfaction with treatment. Results OSI values were significantly higher in the cruciate group than in the circular group at 1 week and 1 month after capsulotomy (P=0.013 and P < 0.001). No significant difference was found in the OSI values between the two groups before capsulotomy (t?=?0.52; P=0.61). The decrease in OSI was higher in the circular group than in the cruciate group at 1 week and 1 month after capsulotomy (P=0.036 and P=0.019). No significant differences were found in the Strehl ratio, MTF cutoff, CDVA, OV-100, OV-20, and OV-9 between the two groups at 1 week and 1 month after capsulotomy (P > 0.05). The PDQ results showed that patients with circular-shaped capsulotomy complained less with intolerance of bright lights than those with cruciate-shaped capsulotomy. Conclusions Circular-shaped capsulotomy can induce less intraocular light scattering and increase patient satisfaction.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7125457 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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