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ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the risk of cerebral microbleeds in Chinese elderly: the Taizhou Imaging Study.


ABSTRACT: Background:Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are more prevalent in Asian populations, and have been associated with increased risk of stroke, dementia and mortality. So far, risk factors for CMBs other than hypertension were merely known. Previous studies have shown that polymorphisms at aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene were independently associated with the risk of stroke. Its role in CMBs, however, remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of ALDH2 gene polymorphisms with CMBs in Chinese elderly. Methods:Using bio-specimen and data collected at baseline survey of the population-based Taizhou Imaging Study (TIS) (phase I), we genotyped the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at ALDH2 among 549 individuals aged 55-65 years, and rs671 was used as surrogate marker of ALDH2. CMBs were detected on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and further categorized as strictly lobar or as deep/mixed. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the associations of the variants at ALDH2 and CMBs. Results:CMBs were present in 103 individuals (18.8%). Forty-one point three percent participants were with ALDH2 *2 allele and 5.1% had ALDH2 *2/*2 genotype. Subjects with ALDH2 *1 allele were more likely to be drinker, have hypertension or CMBs than those with *2 allele (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model showed that the ALDH2 *1/*1 genotype was independently associated with CMBs (P=0.013), particularly for deep/mixed CMBs (P=0.008), and the association was more pronounced in men, non-drinkers or hypertension patients. Conclusions:The results suggest that Han Chinese with ALDH2 *1/*1 genotype may be more susceptible to CMBs than those with ALDH2 *2 allele.

SUBMITTER: Zhu Z 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7154495 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): rs2074356

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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