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Limited-View and Sparse Photoacoustic Tomography for Neuroimaging with Deep Learning.


ABSTRACT: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is a non-ionizing imaging modality capable of acquiring high contrast and resolution images of optical absorption at depths greater than traditional optical imaging techniques. Practical considerations with instrumentation and geometry limit the number of available acoustic sensors and their "view" of the imaging target, which result in image reconstruction artifacts degrading image quality. Iterative reconstruction methods can be used to reduce artifacts but are computationally expensive. In this work, we propose a novel deep learning approach termed pixel-wise deep learning (Pixel-DL) that first employs pixel-wise interpolation governed by the physics of photoacoustic wave propagation and then uses a convolution neural network to reconstruct an image. Simulated photoacoustic data from synthetic, mouse-brain, lung, and fundus vasculature phantoms were used for training and testing. Results demonstrated that Pixel-DL achieved comparable or better performance to iterative methods and consistently outperformed other CNN-based approaches for correcting artifacts. Pixel-DL is a computationally efficient approach that enables for real-time PAT rendering and improved image reconstruction quality for limited-view and sparse PAT.

SUBMITTER: Guan S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7244747 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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