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Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes stimulate cutaneous wound healing mediates through TGF-?/Smad signaling pathway.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Cutaneous wound healing represents a morphogenetic response to injury and is designed to restore anatomic and physiological function. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (hBM-MSC-Ex) are a promising source for cell-free therapy and skin regeneration. METHODS:In this study, we investigated the cell regeneration effects and its underlying mechanism of hBM-MSC-Ex on cutaneous wound healing in rats. In vitro studies, we evaluated the role of hBM-MSC-Ex in the two types of skin cells: human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) for the proliferation. For in vivo studies, we used a full-thickness skin wound model to evaluate the effects of hBM-MSC-Ex on cutaneous wound healing in vivo. RESULTS:The results demonstrated that hBM-MSC-Ex promote both two types of skin cells' growth effectively and accelerate the cutaneous wound healing. Interestingly, we found that hBM-MSC-Ex significantly downregulated TGF-?1, Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 expression, while upregulated TGF-?3 and Smad7 expression in the TGF-?/Smad signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings indicated that hBM-MSC-Ex effectively promote the cutaneous wound healing through inhibiting the TGF-?/Smad signal pathway. The current results provided a new sight for the therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cutaneous wounds.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7245763 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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