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Improvement in Detection Limit for Lateral Flow Assay of Biomacromolecules by Test-Zone Pre-enrichment.


ABSTRACT: Lateral flow assay (LFA) is one of the most prevalent commercially available techniques for point-of-care tests due to its simplicity, celerity, low cost and robust operation. However, conventional colorimetric LFAs have inferior limits of detection (LODs) compared to sophisticated laboratory-based assays. Here, we report a simple strategy of test-zone pre-enrichment to improve the LOD of LFA by loading samples before the conjugate pad assembly. The developed method enables visual LODs of miR-210 mimic and human chorionic gonadotropin protein, to be improved by 10-100 fold compared with a conventional LFA setup without introducing any additional instrument and reagent except for phosphate running buffer, while no obvious difference occurred for Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It takes about 6-8?min to enrich every 50 ?L of sample diluted with phosphate running buffer, therefore we can get visual results within 20?min. We identified a parameter by modeling the entire process, the concentration of probe-analyte conjugate at test zone when signaling unit being loaded, to be important for the improvement of visual limit of detection. In addition, the test-zone pre-enrichment did not impair the selectivity when miR-210 mimic was adopted as target. Integrated with other optimization, amplification and modification of LFAs, the developed test-zone pre-enrichment method can be applied to further improve LOD of LFAs.

SUBMITTER: Zhang Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7295814 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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