PES, molecular structure, spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman), electronic (UV-Vis, HOMO-LUMO), quantum chemical and biological (docking) studies on a potent membrane permeable inhibitor: dibenzoxepine derivative.
ABSTRACT: The dibenzoxepines derivatives have found a broad application in biological and pharmaceutical fields as new prospective drugs. So, the molecule (3aS,12bS)-5-Chlor-2-methyl-2,3,3a,12b-tetrahydro-1H-dibenzo[2,3:6,7]oxepino[4,5-c]pyrrol has been characterized by DFT (Density Functional Theory) approach to predict the important properties of it. The minimum energy conformer has been found by PES (Potential Energy Surface) and then the structure is optimized. Further, the structure is characterized spectroscopically by FT-IR and FT-Raman techniques to know the functional group and chemically active atoms. The geometrical parameters, PED (Potential Energy Distribution) assignments have also been reported. The electronic properties of the title compound have been explained by UV-Vis and HOMO-LUMO analyses that describe the charge transfer between the atoms of the molecule. Molecular Electrostatic Potential (MEP), Electron Localization Function (ELF) and Localized Orbital Locator (LOL) have been depicted to know the chemically active regions. The electrophilic and nucleophilic regions have been shown by Fukui functions. The Non-Linear Optics (NLO) for non-linear optical effects and the Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) for charge delocalization were studied. To study the biological activity of the title compound, molecular docking has been performed which suggests that the title molecule may act as a membrane permeable inhibitor.
Project description:Extensive quantum chemical calculation have been carried out to investigate the Fourier Transform Infrared(FT-IR), Fourier Transform Raman(FT-RAMAN) and Nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), and Ultra Violet-Visible(UV-vis) spectra of 2-(4-Cyanophenylamino) acetic acid. The molecular structure, fundamental vibrational frequencies and intensities of the vibrational bands were interpreted with the aid of optimizations and normal coordinate force field calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio HF methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The theoretical vibrational wavenumbers are compared with the experimental values. The calculated HOMO-LUMO energies were found to be-6.2056 eV and -1.2901 eV which indicates the charge transfer within the molecule. Natural bond orbital analysis has been carried out to explain the charge transfer (or) delocalization of charge due to the intra molecular interactions. Molecular Electrostatic Potential (MEP), First order hyperpolarizability, and Fukui functions calculation were also performed. The thermodynamic properties of the title compound were studied for different temperatures. Molecular docking studies were made on the title compound to study the hydrogen bond interactions and the minimum binding energy was calculated.
Project description:Novel antiviral active molecule 2- [(4,6-diaminopyrimidin-2-yl)sulfanyl]-N-(4-fluoro- phenyl)acetamide has been synthesised and characterized by FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra. The equilibrium geometry, natural bond orbital calculations and vibrational assignments have been carried out using density functional B3LYP method with the 6-311G++(d,p) basis set. The complete vibrational assignments for all the vibrational modes have been supported by normal coordinate analysis, force constants and potential energy distributions. A detailed analysis of the intermolecular interactions has been performed based on the Hirshfeld surfaces. Drug likeness has been carried out based on Lipinski's rule and the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity of the title molecule has been calculated. Antiviral potency of 2- [(4,6-diaminopyrimidin-2-yl)sulfanyl]-N-(4-fluoro-phenyl) acetamide has been investigated by docking against SARS-CoV-2 protein. The optimized geometry shows near-planarity between the phenyl ring and the pyrimidine ring. Differences in the geometries due to the substitution of the most electronegative fluorine atom and intermolecular contacts due to amino pyrimidine were analyzed. NBO analysis reveals the formation of two strong stable hydrogen bonded N-H···N intermolecular interactions and weak intramolecular interactions C-H···O and N-H···O. The Hirshfeld surfaces and consequently the 2D-fingerprint confirm the nature of intermolecular interactions and their quantitative contributions towards the crystal packing. The red shift in N-H stretching frequency exposed from IR substantiate the formation of N-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bond. Drug likeness and absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity properties analysis gives an idea about the pharmacokinetic properties of the title molecule. The binding energy -8.7 kcal/mol of the nonbonding interaction present a clear view that 2- [(4,6-diaminopyrimidin-2-yl)sulfanyl]-N-(4-fluoro- phenyl) acetamide can irreversibly interact with SARS-CoV-2 protease.
Project description:We have studied the Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and the Fourier transform Raman (FT-Raman) spectra of stanozolol and oxandrolone, and we have performed quantum chemical calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) with a B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) level of theory. The FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra were collected in a solid phase. The consistency between the calculated and experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman data indicates that the B3LYP/6-31G (d, p) can generate reliable geometry and related properties of the title compounds. Selected experimental bands were assigned and characterized on the basis of the scaled theoretical wavenumbers by their total energy distribution. The good agreement between the experimental and theoretical spectra allowed positive assignment of the observed vibrational absorption bands. Finally, the calculation results were applied to simulate the Raman and IR spectra of the title compounds, which show agreement with the observed spectra.
Project description:Ribavirin, a triazole derivative has a wide application in the medical field as an antiviral drug. In the present work, a quantum chemical approach was followed to study the vibrational modes and the reactivity. Experimental techniques of FT-IR, FT-Raman were used to study the vibrational spectrum. A complete vibrational analysis was carried out and assignments of the fundamental modes were proposed. Molecular electrostatic potential, frontier molecular orbitals, electronic localization function and fukui functions were analyzed by using wavefunction analyser, Multiwfn 3.4.1 to study the chemical reactivity. Band gap energy of the title molecule is found to be 6.01?eV, as calculated from the HOMO-LUMO energies. The intermolecular charge transfer within the molecule was confirmed from the charge transfer interactions. Molecular docking studies were carried out to study the biological activity of the compound. Viral target proteins such as Dengue and Hepatitis C were chosen and the respective docking parameters were calculated. Graphical abstract Image, graphical abstract
Project description:2-[N-(carboxymethyl)anilino] acetic acid (PIDAA) molecule has been spectroscopically characterized and computationally investigated for its fundamental reactive properties by a combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and molecular docking procedure. A comparison drawn between the simulated and experimentally attained spectra by FT-Raman and FT-IR showed concurrence. The natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis enabled in comprehending the stability and charge delocalization in the title molecule. The first hyperpolarizability which is an important parameter for future studies of nonlinear optics (NLO) was calculated to check the potential of the molecule to be an NLO material. Besides, frontier molecular orbitals (FMO), electron localization function (ELF) and localized orbital locator (LOL) analysis were performed. Energy gap (?E), electronegativity (?), chemical potential (?), global hardness (?), softness (S), Mulliken population analysis on atomic charges and thermodynamic properties of the title compound at different temperatures have been calculated. The local reactive properties of PIDAA have been addressed by MEP and ALIE surfaces, together with bond dissociation energy for hydrogen abstraction (H-BDE). MD simulations have been used in order to identify atoms with pronounced interactions with water molecules. The pharmaceutical potential of PIDAA has been considered by the analysis of drug likeness parameters and molecular docking procedure. The biological activity of the molecule in terms of molecular docking has been analyzed theoretically for the treatment of SARS and minimum binding energy calculated. The Ramachandran plot was used to check the stereochemistry of the protein structure. In addition, a comparison of the physiochemical parameters of PIDAA and commercially available drugs (Yu et al., 2004; Tan et al., 2004; Elshabrawy et al., 2014; Chu et al., 2004; Gopal Samy and Xavier, 2015) were carried out.
Project description:The Cyclophosphamide (CYC) is used as an anti cancer agent. It is chemically known as (RS)-N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1,3,2-oxazaphosphinan-2-amine 2-oxide. The vibrational assignments survey of the CYC was implemented by employing FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopic investigation and the results are compared with theoretical features. The optimized geometrical parameters, IR intensity and Raman Activity of the vibrational bands of CYC were determined from the B3LYP functional with 6-311++G (d, p) level of theory. In the current work, quantum chemical calculations were adopted to contemplate the vibrational assignments of CYC and the outcomes are compared with experimental findings. Molecular Electrostatic Potential (MEP) and HOMO-LUMO energies are very effective in the examination of charge transfer and distribution of the molecular structure. The molecular orbital contributions were evaluated by using the Total Density of States (TDOS). The analysis of Natural Bond Orbital (NBO), Mulliken population and Fukui function studies were done. Intermolecular interaction of the title compound was examined through Hirshfeld surface analysis. The evaluation of drug-likeness was accomplished in accordance with Lipinski's Rule of Five and molecular descriptors were utilized to predict the ADMET profiles of the CYC molecule. The recent research studies reports that the structural and bio-activity of the CYC was affirmed by the docking analysis of CYC with protein PI3K/AKT inhibitor, it acts as anti-lung cancer agent.
Project description:A new small molecule donor with an acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) structure, namely DRTB-FT, has been designed and synthesized for all-small-molecule organic solar cells (ASM-OSCs). By introducing fluorine atoms on the thienyl substituent of the central benzodithiophene unit, DRTB-FT shows a low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level of -5.64 eV. Blending with an A-D-A type acceptor F-2Cl, DRTB-FT based ASM-OSCs gave a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 7.66% with a high open-circuit voltage (V oc) of 1.070 V and a low energy loss of 0.47 eV. The results indicate that high V oc of ASM-OSC devices can be obtained through careful donor molecular optimization.
Project description:The molecular structure of alkali metal rosmarinates was studied in comparison to rosmarinic acid using FT-IR, FT-Raman, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, as well as density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) method was used to calculate optimized geometrical structures of studied compounds, atomic charges, dipole moments, energies, as well as the wavenumbers and intensities of the bands in vibrational and NMR spectra. Theoretical parameters were compared to experimental data. Antioxidant activity was determined using two spectrophotometric methods: (i) Assessing the ability to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) stable radical and (ii) assay of antioxidant power of ferric ions reducing (FRAP). The linear correlations were found between HOMO-LUMO (highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital) energy gap and the reducing power expressed as FRAP (R = 0.77) as well as between IC50 values (the ability of quenching DPPH radicals) and Δνas-s(COO) in IR spectra (differences between asymmetric and symmetric stretching vibrations bands) (R = 0.99). Photochemical properties of studied compounds were also evaluated. The influence of alkali metal on the electronic system of the rosmarinic acid molecule was discussed.
Project description:Flowering of Arabidopsis thaliana is accelerated by several environmental cues, including exposure to long days. The photoperiod-dependent promotion of flowering involves the transcriptional induction of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in the phloem of the leaf. FT encodes a mobile protein that is transported from the leaves to the shoot apical meristem, where it forms part of a regulatory complex that induces flowering. Whether FT also has biological functions in leaves of wild-type plants remains unclear. In order to address this issue, we first studied the leaf transcriptomic changes associated with its over expression in the companion cells of the phloem. To this end, transgenic A. thaliana plants that misexpress FT from the pGAS1 promoter in a ft-10 tsf-1 double mutant background were employed (pGAS1:FT ft-10 tsf-1). In these transgenic plants, the use of the pGAS1 promoter ensures that the FT transgene is expressed in phloem companion cells of the minor veins, recreating the spatial pattern of expression described for the native gene. In this studuy, the transcriptome of leaves of pGAS1:FT ft-10 tsf-1 transgenic plants was compared to that of ft-10 tsf-1 and Col-0 plants using Tiling Arrays. Overall design: Col-0, ft-10 tsf-1 and pGAS1:FT ft-10 tsf-1 plants were grown under LD conditions during 9 days. Leaves of each genotypes were harvested at the end of the light period (ZT16). Biological triplicates of each genotype were used for the Tiling Array experiments.
Project description:Thousands of chemically distinct compounds are encountered in fossil oil samples that require rapid screening and accurate identification. In the present paper, we show for the first time, the advantages of gas chromatography (GC) separation in combination with atmospheric-pressure laser ionization (APLI) and ultrahigh-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) for the screening of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fossil oils. In particular, reference standards of organics in shale oil, petroleum crude oil, and heavy sweet crude oil were characterized by GC-APLI-FT-ICR MS and APLI-FT-ICR MS. Results showed that, while APLI increases the ionization efficiency of PAHs, when compared to other ionization sources, the complexity of the fossil oils reduces the probability of ionizing lower-concentration compounds during direct infusion. When gas chromatography precedes APLI-FT-ICR MS, an increase (more than 2-fold) in the ionization efficiency and an increase in the signal-to-noise ratio of lower-concentration fractions are observed, giving better molecular coverage in the m/z 100-450 range. That is, the use of GC prior to APLI-FT-ICR MS resulted in higher molecular coverage, higher sensitivity, and the ability to separate and characterize molecular isomers, while maintaining the ultrahigh resolution and mass accuracy of the FT-ICR MS separation.