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Gender Difference on the Effect of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Acetaminophen-Induced Acute Liver Failure.

ABSTRACT: Acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity is the leading cause of drug-induced liver failure, which is closely related to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damage. Studies in clinical trials and in animal models have shown that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) affect the progression of various types of liver damage. Interestingly, the sex-dependent effect of n-3 PUFAs on human health has also been well documented. However, it is unknown whether supplementation of n-3 PUFAs modulates the pathogenesis of APAP-induced liver failure with sex-specificity. Our results showed that both endogenous and exogenous n-3 PUFAs significantly aggravated the APAP-induced liver injury in male mice, whereas the opposite effects were observed in females. In vivo and in vitro studies demonstrated that estrogen contributes to the gender difference in the regulation of n-3 PUFAs on APAP overdose. We found that n-3 PUFA-mediated regulation of hepatic oxidative stress response and autophagy upon APAP challenge is distinct between male and female mice. Moreover, we provided evidence that ?-catenin signaling activation is responsible for the sex-dependent regulation of APAP hepatotoxicity by n-3 PUFAs. Together, these findings indicated that supplementation with n-3 PUFAs displays sex-differential effect on APAP hepatotoxicity and could have profound significance in the clinical management for drug-induced liver injury.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC7474378 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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