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Atrial fibrillation ablation in heart failure patients: improved systolic function after cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation.

ABSTRACT: AIMS:Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) are the most common cardiac diseases and often coexist leading to increased mortality and morbidity compared with AF patients without HF. As shown previously, AF ablation using radio frequency (RF) in HF patients leads to a reduction of AF burden, an increase of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and consequently to reduced hospitalization and mortality. Previous AF ablation studies on HF patients have been liberal about additional targets beyond pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Thus, the aim of this study was to assess systematically the impact of a straightforward PVI-only strategy on LVEF, NYHA functional class, and cardiovascular hospitalization rate in HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS:Out of 414 consecutive patients undergoing PVI, only with the cryoballoon 113 patients with reduced LVEF [mean: 38.4 ± 10.8%, reduced ejection fraction (rEF) group] and 301 patients with normal LVEF (>55%) at baseline were identified [normal ejection fraction (nEF) group]. Remarkably, even though freedom from arrhythmia recurrence after 1 year was significantly lower in the rEF group (64.9%) compared with the nEF group (71.2%, P = 0.036), mean LVEF improved from 38.4 ± 10.8% to 52.5 ± 17.2% (P < 0.001) after cryoballoon ablation in the rEF group. Accordingly, HF-related symptoms as well as hospitalization rate declined significantly in the rEF group during follow-up compared with baseline. CONCLUSIONS:The results of the present study suggest that catheter ablation restricted to a straightforward PVI-only strategy using the cryoballoon leads to improved left ventricular ejection fraction as well as improvement of NYHA functional class and increased freedom from cardiovascular rehospitalization.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7524096 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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