Dataset Information


Establishment and Evaluation of an In Vitro System for Biophysical Stimulation of Human Osteoblasts.

ABSTRACT: While several studies investigated the effects of mechanical or electrical stimulation on osseointegration and bone fracture healing, little is known about the molecular and cellular impact of combined biophysical stimulation on peri-implant osseointegration. Therefore, we established an in vitro system, capable of applying shear stress and electric fields simultaneously. Capacitively coupled electric fields were used for electrical stimulation, while roughened Ti6Al4V bodies conducted harmonically oscillating micromotions on collagen scaffolds seeded with human osteoblasts. Different variations of single and combined stimulation were applied for three days, while samples loaded with Ti6Al4V bodies and untreated samples served as control. Metabolic activity, expression of osteogenic markers and bone remodeling markers were investigated. While combined stimulation showed no substantial benefit compared to sole mechanical stimulation, we observed that 25 µm micromotions applied by roughened Ti6Al4V bodies led to a significant increase in gene expression of osteocalcin and tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease 1. Additionally, we found an increase in metabolic activity and expression of bone remodeling markers with reduced procollagen type 1 synthesis after 100 mVRMS electrical stimulation. We were able to trigger specific cellular behaviors using different biophysical stimuli. In future studies, different variations of electrical stimulation will be combined with interfacial micromotions.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7564340 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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