Knotless Arthroscopic Repair of Subscapularis Avulsion Fracture Using a Single Anterior Portal.
ABSTRACT: Proximal humerus lesser tuberosity avulsions are uncommon injuries; however, when present, they can be debilitating for patients. As such, they pose a unique clinical challenge. These fractures were traditionally treated through an open approach to the proximal humerus; however, arthroscopic techniques continue to evolve and are increasingly used for these types of injuries. We describe our minimally invasive arthroscopic technique to repair lesser tuberosity avulsions using standard arthroscopic equipment. This method is safe, efficient, and applies basic shoulder arthroscopic techniques.
Project description:Although some literature may suggest that acute nondisplaced lesser tuberosity fractures should undergo nonoperative management, there is a body of evidence that supports surgical stabilization of these injuries due to concern for fracture displacement, nonunion and malunion, anteromedial impingement, and possible biceps tendon subluxation or dislocation. In this Technical Note, we introduce a novel technique for arthroscopic fixation of lesser tuberosity avulsion fractures using a knotless repair. In the lateral decubitus position using standard arthroscopic portals, with the addition of the biceps accessory portal, 2 ULTRATAPE sutures are fixed to the avulsed fragment in luggage-tag fashion to create a secure, knotless fixation. These are used to mobilize and anatomically approximate the lesser tuberosity to the avulsion bed and are held in place with suture anchors placed immediately adjacent to the fracture bed. This technique provides good anatomic reduction with maximal surface area for bone-to-bone healing.
Project description:Isolated fractures of the greater tuberosity of the humerus are an uncommon and frequently missed diagnosis. Mistreated and unrecognized, these fractures can cause chronic pain and diminished shoulder range of motion and function. Operative treatment options include open reduction and internal fixation, as well as arthroscopic-assisted reduction and internal fixation. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe a bridging arthroscopic technique for the treatment of bony avulsions of the supraspinatus tendon.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Subscapularis tendon avulsions of the lesser tuberosity are relatively rare and often missed acutely and their characteristic appearance is frequently not recognized or is misinterpreted for an osteochondroma or a neoplastic process. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES:This report reviews our experience with six adolescents who had subscapularis tendon avulsions of the lesser tuberosity. METHODS:Six male adolescents (12-15 years) presented with shoulder pain following history of trauma during amateur sport. Clinical notes including range of motion, strength tests, and pain assessment were reviewed along with imaging studies pre- and post treatment. Treatment consisted of either surgical or conservative measures. RESULTS:Two of the six patients had a large avulsion that simulated an exostosis of the proximal humerus that was misdiagnosed as an osteochondroma at two different outside institutions. All six cases were diagnosed with subscapularis tendon avulsion of the lesser tuberosity following clinical and imaging evaluation at our institution. Five of the patients underwent surgical repair and fixation of the tendon and the lesser tuberosity with suture anchors. One patient was treated conservatively. All patients had a good outcome with recovery of full shoulder strength and motion upon follow-up. CONCLUSION:Clinicians should have a high index of suspicion of lesser tuberosity avulsions in adolescents who present with loss of internal rotation and anterior shoulder pain following traumatic injuries. In addition, an osseous fragment or exostosis along the inferomedial humeral head should suggest a subscapularis tendon avulsion and also should not be confused with an osteochondroma or a neoplastic process.
Project description:Hamstring injuries commonly occur at the musculotendinous junction; however, they can occur as proximal avulsion injuries. A lack of recognition can lead to proximal hamstring injuries being frequently misdiagnosed, resulting in delayed treatment. Chronic proximal hamstring tears are often retracted and scarred to the surrounding soft tissues. Owing to the poor quality of tissue at the torn ends of the tendon, an augmented reconstruction using an allograft may be required. In cases with poor visualization of the ischial tuberosity and proximal hamstring footprint, an Achilles tendon allograft can be secured directly to the tuberosity with suture anchors. However, visualization of the footprint can be optimized using an arthroscope. This report describes a technique for endoscopic-assisted anatomic reconstruction using an Achilles allograft with both knotless and knotted suture anchors for chronic complete avulsions of the proximal hamstring.
Project description:Hamstring muscle injuries are common in athletes and mostly consist of sprains at the myotendinous junction, which often respond well to conservative treatment. Proximal hamstring avulsion injuries, though less common, can be severely debilitating. This injury is often seen in water skiers but has been described in many other sports and in middle-aged patients. Complete avulsions in young and active individuals do not respond well to conservative treatment and may require surgical repair. In contrast, many partial tears may be treated nonoperatively. However, when symptoms continue despite a trial of extensive therapy, surgery may be warranted. Traditional surgery for proximal hamstring repair is performed with the patient in the prone position with an incision made longitudinally or along the gluteal fold, followed by identification of the torn tendons and fixation to the ischial tuberosity. We describe a novel surgical technique for endoscopic repair of proximal hamstring avulsion injuries.
Project description:Arthroscopic repair of subscapularis tendon tears has shown to be a reliable and reproducible technique and is now considered the gold standard method over open repair. However, most arthroscopic techniques use several working portals and the procedure can be technically challenging and time-consuming, especially when knot-tying is required and when multiple anchors are used. Recently, single-portal knotless techniques have been popularized for upper-third lesions (e.g. Lafosse type 1 or 2 tears). Here, we describe a technique of repairing complete tears of the subscapularis tendon (Lafosse type 3 and 4) using knotless suture anchors through a single portal. This technique is quick and allows a safe anatomic footprint repair to the lesser tuberosity.
Project description:Hamstring strains account for 25% to 30% of all muscle strains and are an exceedingly common injury in the athletic population. Although proximal hamstring avulsion injuries occur less commonly than strains at the myotendinous junction, they are more severe and debilitating. Proximal hamstring avulsions do not respond well to conservative treatment and are more likely to require surgical intervention. Surgical repair of proximal hamstring avulsions is indicated when the injury fails to respond to conservative treatment, in cases of osseous avulsion with retraction, and in cases of tearing of all 3 hamstring tendons. Endoscopic repair of proximal hamstring avulsions is a promising technique to repair these injuries while reducing morbidity. We describe our technique for endoscopic proximal hamstring repair, which uses a double-row suture bridge construct to reattach the tendons to the ischial tuberosity.
Project description:Proximal humerus fractures are common fractures that may occur after ground level falls or other traumatic events resulting in a direct injury to the shoulder. Depending on the fracture morphology and the age of the patient, anatomic reduction can vastly improve outcomes, especially in fracture patterns that involve the greater tuberosity. In this case example, we performed a minimally invasive, arthroscopic reduction and fixation of a proximal humerus fracture that involved significant displacement of the greater tuberosity. The technique employed is reproducible and avoids the morbidity of a large open incision while simultaneously providing compression of the fracture fragment for excellent healing potential.
Project description:Identifying and treating avulsion fractures of the pelvis and proximal femur in adolescent athletes has become increasingly more important as the rate of competitive sports participation has grown. The majority of these fractures can be treated conservatively, with most returning to full activity. Surgical treatment of these injuries has been traditionally indicated for >2 cm displacement, painful nonunion, symptomatic exostosis formation, or persistent pain and symptoms. Lesser trochanter avulsion injuries are extremely rare and literature outlining their surgical treatment lacking. We present our method of arthroscopic reduction and fixation of lesser trochanter avulsion nonunions.
Project description:An irreparable tear of the subscapularis is a surgical challenge. Open approaches have been widely described to restore the anatomy and the function of the shoulder. Pectoralis major transfer is the most common technique used in this difficult clinical situation. Although this procedure has only been performed through an open approach, we describe a new arthroscopic technique for pectoralis major transfer. The critical part in this technique, in general, is the musculocutaneous nerve dissection, which is also possible through the arthroscopic approach. Together with an alternative method of harvesting using chips of bone and a minimal skin incision, this promising, less invasive technique presents all the advantages of the arthroscopic approach and provides a strong fixation to the lesser tuberosity.