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A De Novo Designed Esterase with p-Nitrophenyl Acetate Hydrolysis Activity.


ABSTRACT: Esterases are a large family of enzymes with wide applications in the industry. However, all esterases originated from natural sources, limiting their use in harsh environments or newly- emerged reactions. In this study, we designed a new esterase to develop a new protocol to satisfy the needs for better biocatalysts. The ideal spatial conformation of the serine catalytic triad and the oxygen anion hole at the substrate-binding site was constructed by quantum mechanical calculation. The catalytic triad and oxygen anion holes were then embedded in the protein scaffold using the new enzyme protocol in Rosetta 3. The design results were subsequently evaluated, and optimized designs were used for expression and purification. The designed esterase had significant lytic activities towards p-nitrophenyl acetate, which was confirmed by point mutations. Thus, this study developed a new protocol to obtain novel enzymes that may be useful in unforgiving environments or novel reactions.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7587395 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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