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Klebsiella and Enterobacter Isolated from Mangrove Wetland Soils in Thailand and Their Application in Biological Decolorization of Textile Reactive Dyes.


ABSTRACT: Wastewater released from textile and dye-based industries is one of the major concerns for human and aquatic beings. Biological decolorization using ligninolytic bacteria has been considered as an effective and alternative approach for the treatment of dyeing wastewater. This study aimed to assess the isolation, characterization and application of soil bacteria isolated from mangrove wetlands in Thailand. Four active bacteria were genetically identified and designated as Klebsiella pneumoniae strain RY10302, Enterobacter sp. strain RY10402, Enterobacter sp. strain RY11902 and Enterobacter sp. strain RY11903. They were observed for ligninolytic activity and decolorization of nine reactive dyes under experimental conditions. All bacteria exhibited strong decolorization efficiency within 72 h of incubation at 0.01% (w/v) of reactive dyes. The decolorization percentage varied from 20% (C.I. Reactive Red 195 decolorized by K. pneumoniae strain RY10302) to 92% (C.I. Reactive Blue 194 decolorized by Enterobacter sp. strain RY11902) in the case of bacterial monoculture, whereas the decolorization percentage for a mixed culture of four bacteria varied from 58% (C.I. Reactive Blue 19) to 94% (C.I. Reactive Black 1). These findings confer the possibility of using these bacteria for the biological decolorization of dyeing wastewater.

SUBMITTER: Chantarasiri A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC7589067 | BioStudies | 2020-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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