Integrated microarray analysis of key genes and a miRNA?mRNA regulatory network of early?onset preeclampsia.
ABSTRACT: Early?onset preeclampsia (EOPE) is a serious threat to maternal and foetal health. The present study aimed to identify potential biomarkers and targets for the treatment of EOPE. Expression profiles of placenta from patients with EOPE and healthy controls (GSE103542, GSE74341 and GSE44711) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Integrated analysis revealed 246 genes and 28 microRNAs (miRNAs) that were differentially expressed between patients with EOPE and healthy controls. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were primarily enriched in 'biological processes', such as 'cell adhesion', 'female pregnancy', 'extracellular matrix organization' and 'response to hypoxia'. Significant pathways associated with DEGs primarily included 'focal adhesion', 'ECM?receptor interaction', 'PI3K?Akt signaling' and 'ovarian steroidogenesis'. A Protein?Protein Interaction network of DEGs was constructed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins online database, and epidermal growth factor receptor, collagen ??1(I) chain, secreted phosphoprotein 1, leptin (LEP), collagen ??2(I) chain (COL1A2), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (SERPINE1), Thy?1 membrane glycoprotein, bone morphogenetic protein 4, vascular cell adhesion protein 1 and matrix metallopeptidase 1 were identified as hub genes. The alterations of hsa?miR?937, hsa?miR?148b*, hsa?miR?3907, hsa?miR?367*, COL1A2, LEP and SERPINE1 in placenta were validated using our local samples. Our research showed that the expression of hsa?miR?937, hsa?miR?1486*, hsa?miR?3907, hsa?miR?367* and hub genes in the placenta were closely associated with the pathophysiology of EOPE. hsa?miR?937, hsa?miR?1486*, hsa?miR?3907, hsa?miR?367* and hub genes could serve as biomarkers for diagnosis and as potential targets for the treatment of EOPE.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent malignant cancer of digestive system. To identify key genes in GC, mRNA microarray GSE27342, GSE29272, and GSE33335 were downloaded from GEO database. METHODS:Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained using GEO2R. DAVID database was used to analyze function and pathways enrichment of DEGs. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was established by STRING and visualized by Cytoscape software. Then, the influence of hub genes on overall survival (OS) was performed by the Kaplan-Meier plotter online tool. Module analysis of the PPI network was performed using MCODE. Additionally, potential stem loop miRNAs of hub genes were predicted by miRecords and screened by TCGA dataset. Transcription factors (TFs) of hub genes were detected by NetworkAnalyst. RESULTS:In total, 67 DEGs were identified; upregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in biological process (BP) related to angiogenesis and extracellular matrix organization and the downregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in BP related to ion transport and response to bacterium. KEGG pathways analysis showed that the upregulated DEGs were enriched in ECM-receptor interaction and the downregulated DEGs were enriched in gastric acid secretion. A PPI network of DEGs was constructed, consisting of 43 nodes and 87 edges. Twelve genes were considered as hub genes owing to high degrees in the network. Hsa-miR-29c, hsa-miR-30c, hsa-miR-335, hsa-miR-33b, and hsa-miR-101 might play a crucial role in hub genes regulation. In addition, the transcription factors-hub genes pairs were displayed with 182 edges and 102 nodes. The high expression of 7 out of 12 hub genes was associated with worse OS, including COL4A1, VCAN, THBS2, TIMP1, COL1A2, SERPINH1, and COL6A3. CONCLUSIONS:The miRNA and TFs regulation network of hub genes in GC may promote understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of gastric cancer and provide potential targets for GC diagnosis and treatment.
Project description:Background:Although coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the main method to revascularize the occluded coronary vessels in coronary artery diseases, the full benefits of the operation are mitigated by ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Although many studies have been devoted to reducing IR injury in animal models, the translation of this research into the clinical field has been disappointing. Our study aimed to explore the underlying hub genes and mechanisms of IR injury. Methods:A weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was executed based on the expression profiles in patients undergoing CABG surgery (GSE29396). Functional annotation and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction were executed within the modules of interest. Potential hub genes were predicted, combining both intramodular connectivity (IC) and degrees. Meanwhile, potential transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) were predicted by corresponding bioinformatics tools. Results:A total of 336 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. DEGs were mainly enriched in neutrophil activity and immune response. Within the modules of interest, 5 upregulated hub genes (IL-6, CXCL8, IL-1?, MYC, PTGS-2) and 6 downregulated hub genes (C3, TIMP1, VSIG4, SERPING1, CD163, and HP) were predicted. Predicted miRNAs (hsa-miR-333-5p, hsa-miR-26b-5p, hsa-miR-124-3p, hsa-miR-16-5p, hsa-miR-98-5p, hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-93-5p) and TF (STAT1) might have regulated gene expression in the most positively related module, while hsa-miR-333-5p and HSF-1 were predicted to regulate the genes within the most negatively related module. Conclusions:Our study illustrates an overview of gene expression changes in human atrial samples from patients undergoing CABG surgery and might help translate future research into clinical work.
Project description:Introduction:Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is a severe cardiopulmonary disease with a relatively low survival rate. Moreover, the pathogenesis of IPAH has not been fully recognized. Thus, comprehensive analyses of miRNA-mRNA network and potential drugs in IPAH are urgent requirements. Methods:Microarray datasets of mRNA and microRNA (miRNA) in IPAH were searched and downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMIs) were identified. Then, the DEMI-DEG network was conducted with associated comprehensive analyses including Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis, while potential drugs targeting hub genes were investigated using L1000 platform. Results:30 DEGs and 6 DEMIs were identified in the lung tissue of IPAH. GO and KEGG pathway analyses revealed that these DEGs were mostly enriched in antimicrobial humoral response and African trypanosomiasis, respectively. The DEMI-DEG network was conducted subsequently with 4 DEMIs (hsa-miR-34b-5p, hsa-miR-26b-5p, hsa-miR-205-5p, and hsa-miR-199a-3p) and 16 DEGs, among which 5 DEGs (AQP9, SPP1, END1, VCAM1, and SAA1) were included in the top 10 hub genes of the PPI network. Nimodipine was identified with the highest CMap connectivity score in L1000 platform. Conclusion:Our study conducted a miRNA-mRNA network and identified 4 miRNAs as well as 5 mRNAs which may play important roles in the pathogenesis of IPAH. Moreover, we provided a new insight for future therapies by predicting potential drugs targeting hub genes.
Project description:Background:Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a solid tumor, which originates from squamous epithelium, with about 400,000 new-cases/year worldwidely. Presently, chemoradiotherapy is the most important adjuvant treatment for OSCC, mostly in advanced tumors. However, clinical resistance to chemotherapy still leads to poor prognosis of OSCC patients. Via high-throughput analysis of gene expression database of OSCC, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in OSCC, analyzing the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their regulatory relationship, to clarify the molecular basis of OSCC chemotherapy resistance and provide a theoretical foundation for the treatment of patients with OSCC and individualized therapeutic targets accurately. Methods:Datasets related to "OSCC" and "cisplatin resistance" (GSE111585 and GSE115119) were downloaded from the GEO database and analyzed by GEO2R. Venn diagram was used to obtain drug-resistance-related DEGs. Functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed on DEGs using The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) software. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING (search tool for recurring instances of neighbouring genes) database. Potential target genes of miRNA were predicted via miRDB, and cBioportal was used to analyze the function and survival of the potential functional genes. Results:Forty-eight upregulated DEGs and 49 downregulated DEGs were obtained from the datasets, with cutoff as p < 0.01 and |log FC| > 1. The DEGs in OSCC mainly enriched in cell proliferation regulation, and chemokine activity. In PPI network with hub score > 300, the hub genes were identified as NOTCH1, JUN, CTNNB1, CEBPA, and ETS1. Among miRNA-mRNA targeting regulatory network, hsa-mir-200c-3p, hsa-mir-200b-3p, hsa-mir-429, and hsa-mir-139-5p were found to simultaneously regulate multiple hub genes. Survival analysis showed that patients with high CTNNB1 or low CEBPA expression had poor outcome. Conclusions:In the OSCC cisplatin-resistant cell lines, NOTCH1, JUN, CTNNB1, CEBPA, and ETS1 were found as the hub genes involved in regulating the cisplatin resistance of OSCC. Members of the miR-200 family may reverse drug resistance of OSCC cells by regulating the hub genes, which can act as potential targets for the treatment of OSCC patients with cisplatin resistance.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Radioresistance is one of the main obstacle limiting the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of patients, the molecular mechanisms of radioresistance is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to identify the key genes and miRNAs and to explore their potential molecular mechanisms in radioresistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS:In this study, we analysis the differentially expressed genes and microRNA based on the database of GSE48501 and GSE48502, and then employed bioinformatics to analyze the pathways and GO terms in which DEGs and DEMS target genes are involved. Moreover, Construction of protein-protein interaction network and identification of hub genes. Finally, analyzed the biological networks for validated target gene of hub miRNAs. RESULTS:A total of 373 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 14 differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) were screened out. The up-regulated gene JUN was overlap both in DEGs and publicly available studies, which was potentially targeted by three miRNAs, including hsa-miR-203, hsa-miR-24 and hsa-miR-31. Moreover, Pathway analysis showed that both up-regulated gene and DEMs target genes were enriched in TGF-beta signaling pathway, Hepatitis B, Pathways in cancer and p53 signaling pathway. Finally, we further constructed protein-protein interaction network (PPI) of DEGs and analyzed the biological networks for above mentioned common miRNAs, the result indicated that JUN was a core hub gene in PPI network, hsa-miR-24 and its target gene were significantly enriched in P53 signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS:These results might provide new clues to improve the radiosensitivity of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
Project description:Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal malignancy in the female reproductive system. Growing evidences demonstrates that competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network play crucial roles in the occurrence and progression of tumors. Therefore, we aimed to explore and identify novel mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA ceRNA networks associated with prognosis of OC. Methods: The differentially expressed gene (DEGs) of four expression profiles datasets (GSE5438, GSE40595, GSE38666 and GSE26712) were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and analyzed with NetworkAnalyst. Intersection of DEGs were further employed for Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) pathway analysis. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and hub genes of DEGs were also identified. The expression levels and survival analysis of the hub genes in OC and their upstream miRNAs and lncRNAs were performed by various bioinformatics databases. More importantly, ceRNA networks were constructed based on mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA in OC. Results: A total of 178 DEGs including 38 upregulated and 140 downregulated genes from intersected DEGs of four expression profiles were identified in OC. Functional enrichment analysis suggested that the commonly DEGs were enriched in regulating enzyme inhibitor activity, glycosaminoglycan and G protein-coupled receptor binding, cell morphogenesis, and involved in pathways including metabolic process, proteoglycans in cancer. Top 10 hub genes with higher connectivity degree were selected for subsequent expression and prognosis analysis. After take expression levels and prognostic roles of hub genes and their upstream miRNAs and lncRNAs in OC into consideration, 2 mRNAs (TACC3 and CXCR4), 2 miRNAs (hsa-miR-425-5p and hsa-miR-146a-5p) and 3 lncRNAs (FUT8-AS1, LINC00665 and LINC01535) were significantly associated with the poor prognosis of OC. The mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA networks (TACC3-hsa-miR-425-5p-FUT8-AS1 and CXCR4-hsa-miR-146a-5p-LINC00665/LINC01535) were eventually constructed in OC based on ceRNA mechanism. Conclusion: We successfully constructed novel ceRNA network associated with the prognosis of ovarian cancer, which may provide a new strategy for early diagnosis and therapeutic intervention of OC.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a disease related to spermatogenic disorders. Currently, the specific etiological mechanism of NOA is unclear. This study aimed to use integrated bioinformatics to screen biomarkers and pathways involved in NOA and reveal their potential molecular mechanisms.<h4>Methods</h4>GSE145467 and GSE108886 gene expression profiles were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between NOA tissues and matched obstructive azoospermia (OA) tissues were identified using the GEO2R tool. Common DEGs in the two datasets were screened out by the VennDiagram package. For the functional annotation of common DEGs, DAVID v.6.8 was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. In accordance with data collected from the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING) database, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by Cytoscape. Cytohubba in Cytoscape was used to screen the hub genes. Furthermore, the hub genes were validated based on a separate dataset, GSE9210. Finally, potential micro RNAs (miRNAs) of hub genes were predicted by miRWalk 3.0.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 816 common DEGs, including 52 common upregulated and 764 common downregulated genes in two datasets, were screened out. Some of the more important of these pathways, including focal adhesion, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, cell cycle, oocyte meiosis, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway, and Huntington disease, were involved in spermatogenesis. We further identified the top 20 hub genes from the PPI network, including <i>CCNB2</i>, <i>DYNLL2</i>, <i>HMMR</i>, <i>NEK2</i>, <i>KIF15</i>, <i>DLGAP5</i>, <i>NUF2</i>, <i>TTK</i>, <i>PLK4</i>, <i>PTTG1</i>, <i>PBK</i>, <i>CEP55</i>, <i>CDKN3</i>, <i>CDC25C</i>, <i>MCM4</i>, <i>DNAI1</i>, <i>TYMS</i>, <i>PPP2R1B</i>, <i>DNAI2</i>, and <i>DYNLRB2</i>, which were all downregulated genes. In addition, potential miRNAs of hub genes, including hsa-miR-3666, hsa-miR-130b-3p, hsa-miR-15b-5p, hsa-miR-6838-5p, and hsa-miR-195-5p, were screened out.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Taken together, the identification of the above hub genes, miRNAs and pathways will help us better understand the mechanisms associated with NOA, and provide potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for NOA.
Project description:Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) accounts for a significant proportion of cervical cancer; thus, there is a need for novel and noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers for this malignancy. In this study, we performed integrated analysis of a dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus database to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) between CSCC, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and healthy control subjects. We further established protein-protein interaction and DEmiRNA-target gene interaction networks, and performed functional annotation of the target genes of DEmiRNAs. In total, we identified 1375 DEGs and 19 DEmiRNAs in CIN versus normal control, and 2235 DEGs and 33 DEmiRNAs in CSCC versus CIN by integrated analysis. Our protein-protein interaction network indicates that the common DEGs, Cyclin B/cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1), CCND1, ESR1 and Aurora kinase A (AURKA), are the top four hub genes. P53 and prostate cancer were identified as significantly enriched signaling pathways of common DEGs and DEmiRNA targets, respectively. We validated that expression levels of three DEGs (TYMS, SASH1 and CDK1) and one DEmiRNA of hsa-miR-99a were altered in blood samples of patients with CSCC. In conclusion, a total of four DEGs (TYMS, SASH1, CDK1 and AURKA) and two DEmiRNAs (hsa-miR-21 and hsa-miR-99a) may be involved in the pathogenesis of CIN and the progression of CIN into CSCC. Of these, TYMS is predicted to be regulated by hsa-miR-99a and SASH1 to be regulated by hsa-miR-21.
Project description:Ependymomas (EPNs) are one of the most common types of malignant neuroepithelial tumors. In an effort to identify potential biomarkers involved in the pathogenesis of EPN, the mRNA expression profiles of the GSE25604, GSE50161, GSE66354, GSE74195 and GSE86574 datasets, in addition to the microRNA (miRNA/miR) expression profiles of GSE42657 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) between EPN and normal brain tissue samples were identified using the Limma package in R and GEO2R, respectively. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were conducted using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the Search Tool for Retrieval of Interacting Genes database, which was visualized using Cytoscape. The targeted genes of DEMs were predicted using miRWalk2.0 and a miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed. Following analysis, a total of 948 DEGs and 129 DEMs were identified. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that 609 upregulated DEGs were significantly enriched in 'PI3K-Akt signaling pathway', while 339 downregulated DEGs were primarily involved in 'cell junction' and 'retrograde endocannabinoid signaling'. In addition, 6 hub genes [cyclin dependent kinase 1, CD44 molecule (Indian blood group) (CD44), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), MYC, synaptotagmin 1 (SYT1) and kinesin family member 4A] and 6 crucial miRNAs [homo sapiens (hsa)-miR-34a-5p, hsa-miR-449a, hsa-miR-106a-5p, hsa-miR-124-3p, hsa-miR-128-3p and hsa-miR-330-3p] were identified as biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for EPN. Furthermore, a microRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed to highlight the interactions between DEMs and their target DEGs; this included the hsa-miR-449a-SYT1, hsa-miR-34a-5p-SYT1, hsa-miR-330-3p-CD44 and hsa-miR-124-3p-PCNA pairs, whose expression levels were confirmed using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In conclusion, the present study may provide important data for the investigation of the molecular mechanisms of EPN pathogenesis.
Project description:Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known as senile dementia, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease. The etiology and pathogenesis of AD have not yet been elucidated. We examined common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from different AD tissue microarray datasets by meta-analysis and screened the AD-associated genes from the common DEGs using GCBI. Then we studied the gene expression network using the STRING database and identified the hub genes using Cytoscape. Furthermore, we analyzed the microRNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the AD-associated genes, and then identified feed-forward loops. Finally, we performed SNP analysis of the AD-associated genes. Our results identified 207 common DEGs, of which 57 have previously been reported to be associated with AD. The common DEG expression network identified eight hub genes, all of which were previously known to be associated with AD. Further study of the regulatory miRNAs associated with the AD-associated genes and other genes specific to neurodegenerative diseases revealed 65 AD-associated miRNAs. Analysis of the miRNA associated transcription factor-miRNA-gene-gene associated TF (mTF-miRNA-gene-gTF) network around the AD-associated genes revealed 131 feed-forward loops (FFLs). Among them, one important FFL was found between the gene SERPINA3, hsa-miR-27a, and the transcription factor MYC. Furthermore, SNP analysis of the AD-associated genes identified 173 SNPs, and also found a role in AD for miRNAs specific to other neurodegenerative diseases, including hsa-miR-34c, hsa-miR-212, hsa-miR-34a, and hsa-miR-7. The regulatory network constructed in this study describes the mechanism of cell regulation in AD, in which miRNAs and lncRNAs can be considered AD regulatory factors.