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Evidence-Based Planning Target Volume Margin Reduction for Modern Lung Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy Using Deformable Registration.


ABSTRACT:

Purpose

Standard planning target volume (PTV) margins for lung stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) are 5 mm. High-dose-rate volumetric modulated arc therapy delivered using flattening filter-free (FFF) beams with modern immobilization systems may allow for PTV margin reduction. This study assesses whether PTV margins can be reduced from 5 to 3 mm.

Methods

Target intrafractional motions derived from pretreatment and posttreatment cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans for 33 patients receiving lung SABR treated with 10XFFF energy and 5-mm PTV margins from 2016 to 2019 were used to calculate the required PTV margin. Deformable registration of the planning CT scan and internal gross tumor volume (IGTV) contour to posttreatment CBCT scans for 36 consecutive patients with 4 fraction schedules was completed to capture volume changes and intrafractional movement. Plans were replanned with 3-mm margins and recalculated on each deformed CT scan to assess deformed IGTV (d-IGTV) coverage and organ-at-risk doses.

Results

Margin analysis showed PTV margins may be reduced to 3 mm. The mean d-IGTV coverage (percentage of the d-IGTV receiving ≥100% of the prescription dose [V100%] and the minimum dose covering 99.9% of the d-IGTV volume [D99.9%]) over 4 fractions for each patient was >95% with both margins. With 5-mm PTV margins, all 144 fractions had a d-IGTV V100% of >95% and a D99.9% >95%. With 3-mm PTV margins, the d-IGTV V100% was >95% in 99.3% of fractions (143 of 144) and the D99.9% was >95% in 98.6% of fractions (142 of 144). With 3-mm PTV margins, significant reductions in body V50%, body V80%, the volume of the lung receiving ≥20 Gy, and the mean lung dose and chest wall dose to 0.035 cm3 and 30 cm3 were observed (all P < .001). Using theoretical models, the normal tissue complication probability for radiation pneumonitis decreased by a mean of 0.8% (range, 0.1%-2.7%), and the mean 2-year tumor control probability was 96.1% and 95.2% with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV margins, respectively.

Conclusion

With modern treatment and immobilization techniques in lung SABR, 3-mm PTV margins maintain acceptable IGTV coverage, modestly reduce toxicity to organs at risk, and maintain a calculated 2-year local control rate of >95%.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8349747 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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