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Elemental Analysis of Tetrahydrocannabinol and Nicotine E-Liquids Related to EVALI.


ABSTRACT: During the e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) investigation, the U.S. FDA's Forensic Chemistry Center (FCC) received numerous sample submissions from various states and other sources. Many of these products were linked directly to patients, while others were not; both categories included used and unused products. Elemental analysis using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) preceded by microwave-assisted decomposition was carried out on the cartridge contents of 65 of these submitted samples. Challenges encountered included limited sample, high sample viscosity, and adhesion, which necessitated sample preparation techniques not commonly used during routine elemental analysis. The elemental concentrations of contaminants including Pb, As, Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, and Sn in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) e-liquids associated with EVALI were determined. Nicotine e-liquid samples collected alongside the THC e-liquid samples were analyzed in tandem during method development. Several THC e-liquid samples contained Pb greater than 0.5 μg/g, while others had part per million levels of Ni, Cu, and/or Cr. This study presents the first detailed report of elemental concentrations in multiple THC e-liquid samples including those from informal/illicit sources and also delves into the method considerations needed for testing a viscous, hydrophobic sample matrix in limited quantity.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC8638013 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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