Project description:Purpose: To understand the bile salts resistance mechanisms in L. paracasei L9 Methods: Samples from L9 cultured with or without bile salts were sequenced on an Illumina Hiseq platform. Three independent biological replicates were produced including 6 samples in total. Results: Raw data were firstly processed through in-house perl scripts to generate clean data, and then clean date were mapped to the reference genome, getting about 8-10 million total mapped reads per sample. Overall design: L. paracasei L9 was cultured in MRS medium with 0.13% oxgall,f
Project description:Previously we have shown significant differences in lactation performance, mammary gland histology and expression profiles of mammary transcriptome during peak-lactation (lactation day 9; L9) between the ordinary CBA/CaH (CBA) and the superior QSi5 strains of mice. In the present study, we compared mammary gland histology between CBA and QSi5 at mid-pregnancy (pregnancy day 12; P12). We assessed lactation performance during the first 8 days of lactation of the 13th - 14th generation of the Advanced Intercross Line (AIL) (CBA X QSi5) mice. We utilized an integrative approach to analyzing mammary microarray expression profiles of CBA and QSi5 at P12 and CBA, AIL and QSi5 at L9. The inguinal mammary glands of CBA/CaH and QSi5 during mid-pregnancy (Pregnancy day 12; P12), and the glands of CBA/CaH, AIL and QSi5 during peak lactation (Lactation day 9; L9) were collected and total RNA was extracted for Affymetrix microarray (mouse genome 430 2) assay
Project description:Vegetative phase change is the developmental transition from the juvenile phase to the adult phase during which a plant becomes competent for sexual reproduction. Gain of ability to flower is often accompanied by changes in patterns of differentiation in newly forming vegetative organs. In maize, juvenile leaves differ from adult leaves in morphology, anatomy, and cell wall composition. Whereas the normal sequence of juvenile followed by adult is repeated with every sexual generation, this sequence can be altered in maize by the isolation and culture of the shoot apex from an adult phase plant; an “adult” meristem so treated reverts to forming juvenile vegetative organs. To investigate the molecular differences between the juvenile and adult phases in maize comparisons among two juvenile samples, leaf 4 and culture-derived leaf 3 or 4, and an adult sample (leaf 9) were made using cDNA microarrays. All samples were leaf primordia at plastochron 6. A gene was scored as “phase specific” if it was up- (or down-) regulated in both juvenile samples compared to the adult sample with at least a twofold-change in gene expression at P-value less than or equal to 0.005. Some 221 ESTs up-regulated in juvenile and 28 ESTs up-regulated in adult were identified. Altered patterns of expression of selected ESTs in the phase change mutants Tp2, d1 and gl15 further confirmed these genes as being phase-specific and allowed us to position these genes in the known genetic hierarchy regulating phase change. Keywords: Transcript profiling among seed-derived juvenile leaf 4 and adult leaf 9 and culture-rejuvenated leaf 3 or 4 in maize To identify juvenile or adult specific ESTs, total RNA from leaf primordia at plastochron 6 (P6) was isolated from leaves 4 (L4) and 9 (L9) from seed-derived plants and leaf 3 or 4 (RL3/4) from culture-derived plants. For each of six biological replications, each of the three pairwise comparisons of P6-staged leaf primordia from L4, L9 and RL3/4 was made on one slide. With six biological replications and three slides per replication (L4 vs. L9, L9 vs. RL3/4, RL3/4 vs. L4), this replicated loop design used a total of 18 slides. To ensure dye balance, each of the 18 target samples was measured once with Cy3 labeling and once with Cy5 labeling.
Project description:Gene expression analysis of A. parasiticus grown under conditions conducive and nonconductive for aflatoxin production was evaluated using glass slide microarrays containing the 753 ESTs. A complex regulatory network governs the biosynthesis of aflatoxin. While several genes involved in aflatoxin production are known, their action alone cannot account for its regulation. Arrays of clones from an Aspergillus flavus cDNA library and glass slide microarrays of ESTs were screened to identify additional genes. An initial screen of the cDNA clone arrays lead to the identification of 753 unique ESTs. Many showed sequence similarity to known metabolic and regulatory genes; however, no function could be ascribed to over 50% of the ESTs. Gene expression analysis of Aspergillus parasiticus grown under conditions conducive and non-conductive for aflatoxin production was evaluated using glass slide microarrays containing the 753 ESTs. Twenty-four genes were more highly expressed during aflatoxin biosynthesis and 18 genes were more highly expressed prior to aflatoxin biosynthesis. No predicted function could be ascribed to 18 of the 24 genes whose elevated expression was associated with aflatoxin biosynthesis. Keywords = Aspergillus Keywords = aflatoxin Keywords: time-course
Project description:Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)- encoded RNAs (EBERs) are aboundance in all EBV lantency, it was found that EBERs may contribute to the oncogenesis. To study the role of EBV-encoded small RNAs (EBERs) in Hodgkin lymphoma, we transfected Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines, KMH2 and L428, with EBER1 and screen with microarrays to verify what is the possible role of the EBER1 in Hodgkin lymphoma. Overall design: We deliver EBER1-expressing plasmid (p9362-EBER1) or control plasmid (p9362) into the Hodgkin lymphoma, KM-H2 and L428, and selected with GENETICIN to establish 4 stable clones: the EBER1-positive cell lines were named KE & LE, and the vector-only cell lines were named K9 & L9. We performed the microarray to show the effect of EBER1 on Hodgkin lymphoma. The data of KE was compare with K9 and LE was compare with L9.