Project description:OBJECTIVES:Bacillus species, belonging to the family Bacillaceae, are rod-shaped aerobic or facultative anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria that can be isolated from various environmental niches. Bacillus pumilus strains are resistant to unfavorable conditions such as UV, H2O2 and chemical disinfection. Furthermore, B. pumilus strains synthesize multifarious important enzymes and can be used in the production of some fermented foods, bioremediation of wastewater systems and biodegradation of environmental contaminants. Hence, investigation at the genomic level is required to understand their ecology, genetics and potential applications. DATA DESCRIPTION:In this research, we provide the genomic insights into one Bacillus species (EZ-C07) isolated from digested agricultural waste materials. The draft genome of the strain EZ-C07 consists of 3,724,869 bp with 3890 coding sequences and 41.5% G?+?C content. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis followed by in silico DNA-DNA hybridization studies, the strain EZ-C07 was identified as Bacillus pumilus belonging to the family Bacillaceae within the phylum Firmicutes. The whole genome shotgun project of B. pumilus strain EZ-C07 can be accessed at DDBJ/ENA/GenBank under the Accession QLVI00000000.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus strain 15.1 was previously found to cause larval mortality in the Med-fly Ceratitis capitata and was shown to produce crystals in association with the spore. As parasporal crystals are well-known as invertebrate-active toxins in entomopathogenic bacteria such as Bacillus thuringiensis (Cry and Cyt toxins) and Lysinibacillus sphaericus (Bin and Cry toxins), the B. pumilus crystals were characterized. The crystals were composed of a 45 kDa protein that was identified as an oxalate decarboxylase by peptide mass fingerprinting, N-terminal sequencing and by comparison with the genome sequence of strain 15.1. Synthesis of crystals by a plasmid-cured derivative of strain 15.1 (produced using a novel curing strategy), demonstrated that the oxalate decarboxylase was encoded chromosomally. Crystals spontaneously solubilized when kept at low temperatures, and the protein produced was resistant to trypsin treatment. The insoluble crystals produced by B. pumilus 15.1 did not show significant toxicity when bioassayed against C. capitata larvae, but once the OxdD protein was solubilized, an increase of toxicity was observed. We also demonstrate that the OxdD present in the crystals has oxalate decarboxylate activity as the formation of formate was detected, which suggests a possible mechanism for B. pumilus 15.1 activity. To our knowledge, the characterization of the B. pumilus crystals as oxalate decarboxylase is the first report of the natural production of parasporal inclusions of an enzyme.
Project description:The Bacillus strain (CCUG 66887) has a high capacity to excrete keratinase with the ability to degrade both alpha- and beta keratin. In this study we aimed to show the characteristics of the keratinolytic protease and to identify its gene by using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry methods (nanoHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) followed by Mascot data base search. The results showed that the enzyme in fact consists of two different keratinases, both with a molecular mass of 38 kDa. Further, DNA sequencing generated the open reading frame (ORF) of one of the genes (Ker1), and de novo genome sequencing identified the ORF of the second gene (Ker2). The two keratinase genes contain 1153 base pairs each and have a gene similarity of 67 %. In addition, the Bacillus strain was classified as Bacillus pumilus and its genes were annotated in the GeneBank at NCBI (accession: CP011109.1). Amino acid sequences alignment with known B. pumilus proteases indicated that the two keratinases of B. pumilus strain C4 are subtilisin-like serine proteases belonging to the Protease S8 family. Taken together, these result suggest the two keratinases as promising candidates for enzymatic processing of keratinous wastes in waste refinery.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus spores can cause foodborne poisonings. B. pumilus strain NRS576 forms spores with a very reduced efficiency due to the presence of a plasmid, named p576. Here, we report the genome sequence of strain B. pumilus NRS576 and its plasmid p576.
Project description:A study was executed in a direction to attenuate Sclerotinia stalk rot (SSR) disease through biocontrol agent and also to enhance crop productivity. Culture filtrate of bacterial strain YSPMK11 inhibited growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in vitro which also exhibited higher plant growth promoting attributes. Interaction studies revealed maximum (81.50%) growth inhibition at 35 °C and pH 7.0 after 72 h incubation period with 15% culture filtrate. Based upon 16S rRNA gene sequence strain, YSPMK11 was identified as Bacillus pumilus. Furthermore, the genome of this isolate was searched for antimicrobial lipopeptide, i.e., ItuD and SrfC genes. The PCR amplification results showed the presence of both these lipopeptide genes in isolate YSPMK11. Iturin A as antifungal compound was identified as major components of fraction through GC/MS. In field experiments, the application of strain YSPMK11 cell suspension (108 CFU/ml) suppressed disease severity by 93% and increased curd yield by 36% which was more that of commercially used fungicide in farmer practices under mid-hills of Himachal Pradesh. Conclusively, our study is first to demonstrate the effect of B. pumilus strain YSPMK11 in suppression of SSR under field conditions and would be employed as an efficient biocontrol agent to replace commercial fungicides in cauliflower cropping system. In addition, the presence of both lipopeptide genes (ItuD and SrfC) and iturin A in this isolate makes him potent strain for biological control application in agriculture.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium isolated from the soil. B. pumilus strain B6033 was originally selected as a biocatalyst for the stereospecific oxidation of ?-lactams. Here, we present a 3.8-Mb assembly of its genome, which is the second fully assembled genome of a B. pumilus strain.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus is a Gram-positive bacterium widely used in agriculture both as an antifungal and as a growth-promoting symbiont. B. pumilus is rarely infectious but has recently been shown to infect humans. Here, we present the complete genome of B. pumilus phage Glittering, a potential biocontrol agent for B. pumilus.
Project description:Phage Blastoid is a siphophage that infects Bacillus pumilus. B. pumilus is widely used in agriculture but has recently been linked to cases of food poisoning. Here, we report the complete genome of Blastoid and discuss unique genomic characteristics.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus is primarily used in the agricultural industry to promote plant growth and provide resistance to bacterial and fungal plant diseases. It has recently, however, been shown to cause disease in humans. Here, we announce the complete genome of B. pumilus phage Riggi.
Project description:Bacillus pumilus strain SCAL1 is an endophytic, thermophilic plant that was isolated from the leaf of a plant, Solanum lycopersicum L., in Sindh, Pakistan. B. pumilus strain SCAL1 has usually exhibited high resistance to environmental stresses, with a growth temperature ranging from 30 to 60°C. An approximately 3.75-Mb draft genome was assembled into 68 contigs.