Eriophyid mite-transmitted, multipartite, negative-sense RNA plant viruses with membrane-bound spherical virions are classified in the genus Emaravirus. We report here that the eriophyid mite-transmitted Wheat mosaic virus (WMoV), an Emaravirus, contains eight genomic RNA segments, the most in a known negative-sense RNA plant virus. Remarkably, two RNA 3 consensus sequences, encoding the nucleocapsid protein, were found with 12.5% sequence divergence, while no heterogeneity was observed in the c ...[more]
Project description:For this project, we have sequenced, assembled and annotated a transcriptome of a diploid wheat Triticum urartu accession PI 428198. The sequencing libraries were prepared from shoot and root tissues harvested from 2-3 week old seedlings. All sequencing was carried out on the Illumina HiSeq platform using the 100 bp pair-end protocol (248.5 million reads). The assembly was constructed using a multiple k-mer approach with a de novo assembly algorithm implemented in CLC Genomics Workbench 5.5 and additional redundancy reduction with CD-HIT and blast2cap3 programs. Open reading frames and proteins were predicted using BLASTX searches and a findorf algorithm.
Project description:Many crop species have complex genomes, making the conventional pathway to associating molecular markers with trait variation, which includes genome sequencing, both expensive and time-consuming. We used a streamlined approach to rapidly develop a genomics platform for hexaploid wheat based on the inferred order of expressed sequences. This involved assembly of the transcriptomes for the progenitor genomes of bread wheat, the development of a genetic linkage map comprising 9495 mapped transcriptome-based SNP markers, use of this map to rearrange the genome sequence of Brachypodium distachyon into pseudomolecules representative of the genome organization of wheat and sequence similarity-based mapping onto this resource of the transcriptome assemblies. To demonstrate that this approximation of gene order in wheat is appropriate to underpin association genetics analysis, we undertook Associative Transcriptomics for straw biomass traits, identifying associations and even candidate genes for height, weight and width.
Project description:We couple long-read sequence assembly, full-length cDNA sequencing, and a multi-platform scaffolding approach to produce ab initio chimpanzee and orangutan genome assemblies where most genes are complete, gaps are closed, and novel gene models are identified. We further analyzed the overlap between structural variants in the human genome and gene expression differences in human and chimpanzee cells, including iPS-derived organoid radial glia cells. Overall design: Single cell mRNA sequencing of iPS-derived neural progenitor cells using the Fluidigm C1 system
Project description:12plex_wheat_2012-05 - 12plex-wheat_2012-05 - The objective is to better understand the adaptive response of the wheat plant to an elevated mean temperature. Besides the morphological and ecophysiological responses, the changes in the expression of genes are investigated. Two genotypes (SxB49 and SxB139) are subjected to two different temperature regimes during the lag-phase of the developing grains. The profiling of the accumulation of gene transcripts throughout 12 developmental stages is carried out using a custom-designed 12x135K Roche NimbleGen gene expression microarray comprising the most recent NCBI wheat contig assembly and annotation (about 45 000 unigenes). This should permit both the identification of differentially expressed genes after heat treatment and the comparison of the behaviours of two wheat genotypes (SxB139 and SxB49). - The effect of the temperature on the expression of genes along with the effect of genotype Overall design: 48 dye-swap - genotype comparaison,treated vs untreated comparison
Project description:Porcine 60K BeadChip genotyping arrays (Illumina) are increasingly being applied in pig genomics to validate SNPs identified by re-sequencing or assembly-versus-assembly method. Here we report that more than 98% SNPs identified from the porcine 60K BeadChip genotyping array (Illumina) were consistent with the SNPs identified from the assembly-based method. This result demonstrates that whole-genome de novo assembly is a reliable approach to deriving accurate maps of SNPs. To compare SNPs identified by genotyping arrays and de novo assembly method, we genotyped 10 pig breeds by porcine 60K BeadChip genotyping array (Illumina), including 1 berkshire pig, 1 hampshire pig, 1 landrace pig, 1 large white pig,1 piétrain pig, 1 bamei pig,1 jinhua pig, 1 meishan pig, 1 rongchang pig and 1 Tibetan wild boar.
Project description:In the recent years, RNA silencing has been studied extensively to be a conserved regulatory process in plants. In the antiviral silencing, the intermediate double-stranded RNA form during the replication of RNA viruses were recognized and processed into abundant of overlapping viral siRNA (viRNAs). Accordingly, the cloned viRNAs could be conversely assembled into some contigs of viruses, which is recently exploited for identifying new viruses and their genome sequences.To obtain rapidly the complete genome sequence of BYSMV, we carried out deep sequencing of small RNAs from healthy and BYSMV infected wheat, respectively. Thirteen contigs were assembled from the overlapping viRNAs only present in the infected wheat but not in the healthy wheat. The results of BLAST showed that ten contigs shared about 96% identity with the reported L gene of BYSMV isolate Zanjan-1. Viral assembly from the BYSMV infected wheat plants to obtain the full lengh genome and characterise the viral siRNAs