Project description:Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica bacilli that live in the larvae of a parasitic fly were recently isolated and are speculated to be the cause of fulminant sepsis. Here we report and analyze the complete genome sequence of Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica strain SH04. No complete genome sequence of a Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica isolate has been documented previously.
Project description:Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica strain 20, isolated from a chicken carcass originated from indoor broiler farming and identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry followed by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene.
Project description:We report the first case of fulminant sepsis due to Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica. This case is also the first one reported in South America. We emphasize the importance of recognizing bacteria that live in the larvae of a parasitic fly as the causative agent of severe infections in homeless patients.
Project description:Wohlfahrtiimonas species bacteria were isolated from the bloodstream of a patient with septicemia and wound myiasis. Environmental investigations identified a Wohlfahrtiimonas sp. among insects in the Americas and in a previously undescribed vector, the green bottle fly (Lucilia sericata). The isolates possibly represent a new species within the genus Wohlfahrtiimonas.
Project description:Since the first description of Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica in 2008, a number of well described case reports demonstrating its pathogenic role in humans have been published. Infections may be closely linked to flies, such as Wohlfahrtia magnifica, Lucilia sericata, Chrysomya megacephala or Musca domestica. These insects are potent vectors for the distribution of W. chitiniclastica causing local or systemic infections originating from wounds infested with fly larvae. However, other potential sources of transmission of W. chitiniclastica have been described such as soil or chicken meat. Infections in humans reported to date comprise wound infections, cellulitis, osteomyelitis and sepsis. This review summarizes all the literature available up to now and gives the current knowledge about this emerging human pathogen. Additionally, four patients with proven W. chitiniclastica infections treated at Dresden University Hospital between 2013 and 2015, are included. Special focus was placed on microbiological identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing of the pathogen.
Project description:In the past 12 years, several case reports have clearly demonstrated that <i>Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica</i> is capable of causing sepsis and bacteremia in humans. However, since most clinicians are not familiar with this species, little is known about its pathogenicity and treatment options while it is as rare but underestimated human pathogen. Therefore, a larger strain collection is required so that methods can be identified that are most suitable to obtain rapid and reliable identification. Moreover, the antimicrobial resistance profile needs to be elucidated in order to explore possible treatment options. Over a period of 6 years, we therefore have collected a total of 14 <i>W. chitiniclastica</i> isolates in routine diagnostics, which now served as the basis for a comprehensive characterization with respect to identification and antibiotic profiling. We compared the accuracy and convenience of several identification techniques in which MALDI-TOF MS and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene have proven to be suitable for identification of <i>W. chitiniclastica.</i> In addition, whole genome sequencing (WGS)-based digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) was used as a reference method for strain identification, and surprised with the detection of a novel <i>W. chitiniclastica</i> subspecies. A combination of <i>in silico</i> and <i>in vitro</i> analyses revealed a first insight into the antimicrobial resistance profile and the molecular basis of antimicrobial resistance. Based on our findings, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, levofloxacin, and cephalosporins (e.g., ceftazidime) may be the best antibiotics to use in order to treat infections caused by <i>W. chitiniclastica</i>, while resistance to fosfomycin, amikacin and tobramycin is observed.
Project description:Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica is an emerging human pathogen that has been identified as the cause of septicemia in humans in Europe and South America. Here we report the first case of a unique disease manifestation of Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica-induced bacterial septicemia secondary to wound myiasis in a deer in Michigan in the United States.