Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The Trachinotus ovatus (Teleostei, Carangidae) is an economically important marine fish species in the world. However, the lack of genomic information regarding this species limits our understanding of the genetics and biological mechanisms in Trachinotus ovatus. In this study, high throughput transcriptome sequencing was used to obtain comprehensive genomic information in Trachinotus ovatus.<h4>Principal findings</h4>Transcriptome sequencing was performed by using Illumina paired-end sequencing technology. The 98,534,862 high quality reads were yielded, and were de novo assembled into 156,094 unigenes with an average sequence length of 1179 bp. Transcriptome annotation revealed that 75,586 and 67,923 unigenes were functionally annotated in the NCBI non-redundant database and Swiss-Prot protein database, respectively. Functional analysis demonstrated that 67,923 unigenes were grouped into 25 Cluster of Orthologous Groups (COG) functional categories, 37,976 unigenes were clustered into 61 Gene Ontology (GO) terms, and 38,172 unigenes were assigned to 275 different Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways. Based on the transcriptome dataset, a large number of unigenes associated with reproduction, growth and immunity were identified. Furthermore, a total number of 38,794 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were discovered and 16 polymorphic loci were characterized in Trachinotus ovatus.<h4>Conclusion/significance</h4>The present study is the first transcriptome analysis of a fish species belonging to the genus Trachinotus and provides a valuable genomic resource for novel gene discovery, gene expression and regulation studies, and the identification of genetic markers in Trachinotus ovatus and the other fish of the genus Trachinotus.
Project description:Nocardia seriolae is a pathogen that causes nocardiosis in marine and freshwater fish. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of N. seriolae strain ZJ0503, which was isolated from Trachinotus ovatus in Guangdong, China.
Project description:Golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus), a marine fish in the Carangidae family, has a wide geographical distribution and adapts to severe environmental rigours. It is also an economically valuable aquaculture fish. To understand the genetic mechanism of adaption to environmental rigours and improve the production in aquaculture, we assembled its genome. By combination of Illumina and Pacbio reads, the obtained genome sequence is 647.5?Mb with the contig N50 of 1.80?Mb and the scaffold N50 of 5.05?Mb. The assembly covers 98.9% of the estimated genome size (655?Mb). Based on Hi-C data, 99.4% of the assembled bases are anchored into 24 pseudo-chromosomes. The annotation includes 21,915 protein-coding genes, in which 95.7% of 2,586 BUSCO vertebrate conserved genes are complete. This genome is expected to contribute to the comparative analysis of the Carangidae family.
Project description:The nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate the transcription of elongases of very long-chain fatty acids (Elovl), which are involved in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) biosynthesis in mammals. In the present study, we first characterized the function of Elovl5 elongase in Trachinotus ovatus. The functional study showed that ToElovl5 displayed high elongation activity toward C18 and C20 PUFA. To investigate whether PPAR?b was a regulator of Elovl5, we also reported the sequence of T. ovatus PPAR?b (ToPPAR?b). The open reading frame (ORF) sequence encoded 469 amino acids possessing four typical characteristic domains, including an N-terminal hypervariable region, a DNA-binding domain (DBD), a flexible hinge domain and a ligand-binding domain (LBD). Thirdly, promoter activity experiments showed that the region from PGL3-basic-Elovl5-5 (-146 bp to +459 bp) was defined as the core promoter by progressive deletion mutation of Elovl5. Moreover, PPAR?b overexpression led to a clear time-dependent enhancement of ToElovl5 promoter expression in HEK 293T cells. Fourth, the agonist of PPAR?b prominently increased PPAR?b and Elovl5 expression, while PPAR?b depletion by RNAi or an inhibitor was correlated with a significant reduction of Elovl5 transcription in T. ovatus caudal fin cells (TOCF). In conclusion, the present study provides the first evidence of the positive regulation of Elovl5 transcription by PPAR?b and contributes to a better understanding of the transcriptional mechanism of PPAR?b in fish.