Project description:Small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and phased small interfering RNAs (phasiRNAs; from PHAS loci), play key roles in plant development. Cultivated soybean, Glycine max, contributes a great deal to food production, but, compared to its wild kin, Glycine soja, it may lose some genetic information during domestication. In this work, we analyzed the sRNA profiles of different tissues in both cultivated (C08) and wild soybeans (W05) at three stages of development. A total of 443 known miRNAs and 15 novel miRNAs showed varying abundances between different samples, but the miRNA profiles were generally similar in both accessions. Based on a sliding window analysis workflow that we developed, 50 PHAS loci generating 55 21-nucleotide phasiRNAs were identified in C08, and 46 phasiRNAs from 41 PHAS loci were identified in W05. In germinated seedlings, phasiRNAs were more abundant in C08 than in W05. Disease resistant TIR-NB-LRR genes constitute a very large family of PHAS loci. PhasiRNAs were also generated from several loci that encode for NAC transcription factors, Dicer-like 2 (DCL2), Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR), and Auxin Signaling F-box 3 (AFB3) proteins. To investigate the possible involvement of miRNAs in initiating the PHAS-phasiRNA pathway, miRNA target predictions were performed and 17 C08 miRNAs and 15 W05 miRNAs were predicted to trigger phasiRNAs biogenesis. In summary, we provide a comprehensive description of the sRNA profiles of wild versus cultivated soybeans, and discuss the possible roles of sRNAs during soybean germination.
Project description:The common cutworm (CCW, <i>Spodopteraab litura</i> Fabricius) is one of the pests that most severely infect soybean (<i>Glycine max</i> L. Merr.). In a previous report, quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis of CCW resistance using a recombinant inbred line derived from a cross between a susceptible cultivar 'Fukuyutaka' and a resistant cultivar 'Himeshirazu', identified two antixenosis resistance QTLs, <i>CCW-1</i> and <i>CCW-2</i>. To reveal sequence variation between the aforementioned two cultivars, whole genome resequencing was performed using Illumina HiSeq2000 (75,632,747 and 91,540,849 reads). The generated datasets can be used for fine mapping and gene isolation of <i>CCW-1</i> and <i>CCW-2</i> as well as for revealing more detailed genetic differences between 'Fukuyutaka' and 'Himeshirazu' .