biostudies-arrayexpress00640Cornelis VerweijHomo sapienshttps://www.ebi.ac.uk/biostudies/studies/E-GEOD-9027Spots were selected that had an expression level higher than 1.6 the local background. The use of a common reference sample allows the comparison of the relative expression levels across the tissue samples. All genes were expressed relative to their median expression level across the arrays of the same microarray platform, allowing us to combine the data from the 2 platforms. Data from Lymphochip and Stanford Human cDNA arrays was combined per patient. Only genes with reliable datapoints in at least 80% of the samples were used. Subsequently, genes with the same unigene identifier were averaged in SMD. For all further analysis genes were selected that showed at least a two-fold difference in expression level in at least one array. A disease state experiment design type is where the state of some disease such as infection, pathology, syndrome, etc is studied. Using regression correlationbiostudies-arrayexpressNucleic Acid Extraction - not providedLabeling - not providedHybridization - not providedMIAME ScoreAssays and DataProcessed DataMAGE-TAB FilesArray DesignsFeature Extraction - VALUE is Log (base 2) of the ratio of the mean of Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) to Channel 1 (usually 532 nm)Assay Data Transformation - ID_REF = ID_REF<br>CH1I_MEAN = Mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2I_MEAN = Mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1B_MEDIAN = The median feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel; Background<br>CH2B_MEDIAN = The median feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>CH1D_MEAN = The mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel<br>CH2D_MEAN = .The mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH1I_MEDIAN = Median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2I_MEDIAN = Median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1B_MEAN = The mean feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Background<br>CH2B_MEAN = The mean feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Background<br>CH1D_MEDIAN = The median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2D_MEDIAN = The median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1_PER_SAT = The percentage of feature pixels at wavelength 532 nm that are saturated.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2_PER_SAT = The percentage of feature pixels at wavelength 635 nm that are saturated.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1I_SD = The standard deviation of the feature intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel<br>CH2I_SD = The standard deviation of the feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH1B_SD = The standard deviation of the feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel; Background<br>CH2B_SD = The standard deviation of the feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>PERGTBCH1I_1SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than one standard deviation above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH2I_1SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than one standard deviation above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH1I_2SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than two standard deviations above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH2I_2SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than two standard deviations above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>SUM_MEAN = The sum of the arithmetic mean intensities for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>SUM_MEDIAN = The sum of the median intensities for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT1_MEAN = Ratio of the arithmetic mean intensities of each spot for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted. Channel 1/Channel 2 ratio, (CH1I_MEAN - CH1B_MEDIAN)/(CH2I_MEAN - CH2B_MEDIAN) or Green/Red ratio.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_MEAN = The ratio of the arithmetic mean intensities of each feature for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_MEDIAN = The ratio of the median intensities of each feature for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>PIX_RAT2_MEAN = The geometric mean of the pixel-by-pixel ratios of pixel intensities, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>PIX_RAT2_MEDIAN = The median of pixel-by-pixel ratios of pixel intensities, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_SD = The geometric standard deviation of the pixel intensity ratios.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOT_SPIX = The total number of feature pixels.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOT_BPIX = The total number of background pixels.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>REGR = The regression ratio of every pixel in a 2-feature-diameter circle around the center of the feature.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>CORR = The correlation between channel1 (Cy3) & Channel 2 (Cy5) pixels within the spot, and is a useful quality control parameter. Generally, high values imply better fit & good spot quality.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>DIAMETER = The diameter in um of the feature-indicator.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>X_COORD = X-coordinate of the center of the spot-indicator associated with the spot, where (0,0) is the top left of the image.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>Y_COORD = Y-coordinate of the center of the spot-indicator associated with the spot, where (0,0) is the top left of the image.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOP = Box top: int(((centerX - radius) - Xoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>BOT = Box bottom: int(((centerX + radius) - Xoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>LEFT = Box left: int(((centerY - radius) - yoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RIGHT = Box right: int(((centerY + radius) - yoffset) / pixelSize); Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>FLAG = The type of flag associated with a feature: -100 = user-flagged null spot; -50 = software-flagged null spot; 0 = spot valid.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2IN_MEAN = Normalized value of mean Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity (CH2I_MEAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH2BN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) background (CH2B_MEDIAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>CH2DN_MEAN = Normalized value of mean Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with normalized background subtracted (CH2IN_MEAN - CH2BN_MEDIAN).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>RAT2N_MEAN = Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2IN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity (CH2I_MEDIAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2DN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with normalized background subtracted (CH2IN_MEDIAN - CH2BN_MEDIAN).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT1N_MEAN = Ratio of the means of Channel 1 (usually 532 nm) intensity to normalized Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with median background subtracted (CH1D_MEAN/CH2DN_MEAN). Channel 1/Channel 2 ratio normalized or Green/Red ratio normalized.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2N_MEDIAN = Channel 2/Channel 1 ratio normalized, RAT2_MEDIAN/Normalization factor or Red/Green median ratio normalized.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>VALUE = Log (base 2) of the ratio of the mean of Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) to Channel 1 (usually 532 nm) [log (base 2) (RAT2N_MEAN)].; Type: float; Scale: log_base_2<br>LOG_RAT2N_MEDIAN = Log (base 2) of the ratio of the median of Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) to Channel 1 (usually 532 nm) [log (base 2) (RAT2N_MEDIAN)].; Type: float; Scale: log_base_2Assay Data Transformation - ID_REF = ID_REF<br>CH1I_MEAN = Mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2I_MEAN = Mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1B_MEDIAN = The median feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel; Background<br>CH2B_MEDIAN = The median feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>CH1D_MEAN = The mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel<br>CH2D_MEAN = .The mean feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH1I_MEDIAN = Median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2I_MEDIAN = Median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1B_MEAN = The mean feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Background<br>CH2B_MEAN = The mean feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Background<br>CH1D_MEDIAN = The median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 532 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2D_MEDIAN = The median feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1_PER_SAT = The percentage of feature pixels at wavelength 532 nm that are saturated.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2_PER_SAT = The percentage of feature pixels at wavelength 635 nm that are saturated.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH1I_SD = The standard deviation of the feature intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel<br>CH2I_SD = The standard deviation of the feature pixel intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH1B_SD = The standard deviation of the feature background intensity at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy3 Channel; Background<br>CH2B_SD = The standard deviation of the feature background intensity at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>PERGTBCH1I_1SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than one standard deviation above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH2I_1SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than one standard deviation above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 635 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH1I_2SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than two standard deviations above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>PERGTBCH2I_2SD = The percentage of feature pixels with intensities more than two standard deviations above the background pixel intensity, at wavelength 532 nm.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>SUM_MEAN = The sum of the arithmetic mean intensities for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>SUM_MEDIAN = The sum of the median intensities for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT1_MEAN = Ratio of the arithmetic mean intensities of each spot for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted. Channel 1/Channel 2 ratio, (CH1I_MEAN - CH1B_MEDIAN)/(CH2I_MEAN - CH2B_MEDIAN) or Green/Red ratio.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_MEAN = The ratio of the arithmetic mean intensities of each feature for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_MEDIAN = The ratio of the median intensities of each feature for each wavelength, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>PIX_RAT2_MEAN = The geometric mean of the pixel-by-pixel ratios of pixel intensities, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>PIX_RAT2_MEDIAN = The median of pixel-by-pixel ratios of pixel intensities, with the median background subtracted.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2_SD = The geometric standard deviation of the pixel intensity ratios.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOT_SPIX = The total number of feature pixels.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOT_BPIX = The total number of background pixels.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>REGR = The regression ratio of every pixel in a 2-feature-diameter circle around the center of the feature.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>CORR = The correlation between channel1 (Cy3) & Channel 2 (Cy5) pixels within the spot, and is a useful quality control parameter. Generally, high values imply better fit & good spot quality.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>DIAMETER = The diameter in um of the feature-indicator.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>X_COORD = X-coordinate of the center of the spot-indicator associated with the spot, where (0,0) is the top left of the image.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>Y_COORD = Y-coordinate of the center of the spot-indicator associated with the spot, where (0,0) is the top left of the image.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>TOP = Box top: int(((centerX - radius) - Xoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>BOT = Box bottom: int(((centerX + radius) - Xoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>LEFT = Box left: int(((centerY - radius) - yoffset) / pixelSize).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RIGHT = Box right: int(((centerY + radius) - yoffset) / pixelSize); Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>FLAG = The type of flag associated with a feature: -100 = user-flagged null spot; -50 = software-flagged null spot; 0 = spot valid.; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2IN_MEAN = Normalized value of mean Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity (CH2I_MEAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>CH2BN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) background (CH2B_MEDIAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel; Background<br>CH2DN_MEAN = Normalized value of mean Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with normalized background subtracted (CH2IN_MEAN - CH2BN_MEDIAN).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale; Channel: Cy5 channel<br>RAT2N_MEAN = Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2IN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity (CH2I_MEDIAN/Normalization factor).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>CH2DN_MEDIAN = Normalized value of median Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with normalized background subtracted (CH2IN_MEDIAN - CH2BN_MEDIAN).; Type: integer; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT1N_MEAN = Ratio of the means of Channel 1 (usually 532 nm) intensity to normalized Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) intensity with median background subtracted (CH1D_MEAN/CH2DN_MEAN). Channel 1/Channel 2 ratio normalized or Green/Red ratio normalized.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>RAT2N_MEDIAN = Channel 2/Channel 1 ratio normalized, RAT2_MEDIAN/Normalization factor or Red/Green median ratio normalized.; Type: float; Scale: linear_scale<br>VALUE = Log (base 2) of the ratio of the mean of Channel 2 (usually 635 nm) to Channel 1 (usually 532 nm) [log (base 2) (RAT2N_MEAN)].; Type: float; Scale: log_base_2<br>LOG_RAT2N_MEDIAN =Image Adquisition - not providedUnknownTranscriptomicsGenomicsProteomics<h4>Objective</h4>In approximately 25% of synovial tissues from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, infiltrates of T cells, B cells, and follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) are spatially organized into structures resembling lymph nodes with germinal centers. The remainder of the tissues lack FDCs and show either a diffuse or an aggregated T cell and B cell infiltrate. To gain more insight into this specific disease process, we sought to identify the genes expressed in RA tissues with ectopic lymphoid structures.<h4>Methods</h4>Gene expression profiling of RA synovial tissues was determined by complementary DNA microarray analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The presence of lymphoid follicles and localization of interleukin-7 (IL-7) in synovial tissue sections was determined by immunofluorescence staining using specific antibodies.<h4>Results</h4>Findings of gene expression analysis confirmed previous reports that tissues with lymphoid structures showed elevated expression of CXCL13, CCL21, CCR7, and lymphotoxin alpha and beta messenger RNA. In addition, the tissues also showed enhanced expression of the chemokines CXCL12 and CCL19 and the associated receptors CXCR4 and CXCR5, which are important for the attraction of T cells, B cells, and dendritic cells. Pathway analysis revealed increased expression of genes involved in JAK/STAT signaling, T cell- and B cell-specific pathways, Fcepsilon receptor type I signaling in mast cells, and IL-7 signal transduction in the tissues with ectopic lymphoid follicles, accompanied by increased expression of IL-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Ralpha)/IL-2Rgamma chains and IL-7. Protein expression of IL-7 in RA tissues was localized within fibroblast-like synoviocytes, macrophages, and blood vessels and was colocalized with extracellular matrix structures around the B cell follicles.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Activation of the IL-7 pathway may play an important role in lymphoid neogenesis, analogous to its role in the development of normal lymphoid tissue.unknown experiment typeHomo sapiensInflammation and ectopic lymphoid structures in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissues dissected by genomics technology: identification of the interleukin-7 signaling pathway in tissues with lymphoid neogenesis.Timmer TC, Baltus B, Vondenhoff M, Huizinga TW, Tak PP, Verweij CL, Mebius RE, van der Pouw Kraan TCCornelis Verweij64falseGene expression profiling of rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissuesSpots were selected that had an expression level higher than 1.6 the local background. The use of a common reference sample allows the comparison of the relative expression levels across the tissue samples. All genes were expressed relative to their median expression level across the arrays of the same microarray platform, allowing us to combine the data from the 2 platforms. Data from Lymphochip and Stanford Human cDNA arrays was combined per patient. Only genes with reliable datapoints in at least 80% of the samples were used. Subsequently, genes with the same unigene identifier were averaged in SMD. For all further analysis genes were selected that showed at least a two-fold difference in expression level in at least one array. A disease state experiment design type is where the state of some disease such as infection, pathology, syndrome, etc is studied. Using regression correlationE-GEOD-9027GSE90271766540010.1002/art.22748