Transcription profiling of human airway epithelium treated with azithromycin and SMM
ABSTRACT: Microarrays were used to evaluate the effects of azithromycin and an inflammatory stimulus (SMM) on human airway epithelium. Effects of azithromycin treatment were evaluated at 6, 24 and 48 hours. Effects of SMM were evaluated at 6 and 24 hours. In addition, pretreatment with azithromycin was used to evaluate the modulatory effects on SMM-induced inflammation. SMM=supernatant from microcorpulent material from human cystic fibrosis airways. Experiment Overall Design: 10 treatments total, 3-4 samples (patient codes = replicates) per treatment.
Project description:Microarrays were used to evaluate the effects of azithromycin and an inflammatory stimulus (SMM) on human airway epithelium. Effects of azithromycin treatment were evaluated at 6, 24 and 48 hours. Effects of SMM were evaluated at 6 and 24 hours. In addition, pretreatment with azithromycin was used to evaluate the modulatory effects on SMM-induced inflammation. SMM=supernatant from microcorpulent material from human cystic fibrosis airways. Keywords: timecourse, treatment comparisons. Overall design: 10 treatments total, 3-4 samples (patient codes = replicates) per treatment.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE22394: S. coelicolor M145 SMM medium time course study (Culture # 1) GSE22395: S. coelicolor M145 SMM medium time course study (Culture # 2) GSE22397: S. coelicolor M145 SMM medium time course study (Culture # 3) Refer to individual Series
Project description:To characterize epigenomic changes during the transformation of normal plasma cells to myeloma, we used the HELP assay to analyze the methylome of CD138+ cells from 56 subjects representing premalignant (MGUS), early and advanced stages of myeloma as well as healthy controls. Plasma cells from premalignant and early stages of myeloma were characterized by striking, widespread hypomethylation. CD138+ selected bone marrow plasma cells from 8 normal donors, 11 patients with monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS), 4 patients with smoldering myeloma (SMM), 13 patients with newly diagnosed myeloma (NEWMM), 16 patients with relapsed myeloma (REL), including 2 patients with serial samples, and 2 patients in clinical complete remission (REM) were analyzed using the HELP assay [HpaII tiny fragment Enrichment by Ligation-mediated PCR].
Project description:Azithromycin has been shown to have anti-fibrotic effects on idiopathic lung fibroblasts (IPF). We thus wanted to investigate involved genes and pathways by microarray analysis. We treated normal human lung fibroblasts with Azithromycin (50uM) for 24h and compared them to non-treated samples.
Project description:Long-term, low dose azithromycin reduces exacerbation frequency in COPD yet the mechanism remains unclear. This study characterises changes to gene expression in patients with neutrophilic COPD in response to long term low dose azithromycin therapy. Patients with neutrophilic COPD (>61% or >162x10^4/mL sputum neutrophils) were randomised to 12 weeks of either azithromycin or placebo treatment. RNA was extracted from sputum and blood collected before (pre) and after (post) treatment. Overall design: Microarray analysis was performed on blood (n=11 azithromycin; n=11 placebo group) and sputum (n=11 azithromycin group; n=13 placebo group) in a subset of patients who had paired samples from pre and post treatment visits.
Project description:Azithromycin (AZM) reduces pulmonary inflammation and exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with emphysema. The antimicrobial effects of AZM on the lung microbiome are not known and may contribute to its beneficial effects. Methods. Twenty smokers with emphysema were randomized to receive AZM 250 mg or placebo daily for 8 weeks. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed at baseline and after treatment. Measurements included: rDNA gene quantity and sequence. Results. Compared with placebo, AZM did not alter bacterial burden but reduced α-diversity, decreasing 11 low abundance taxa, none of which are classical pulmonary pathogens. Conclusions. AZM treatment the lung microbiome Randomized trial comparing azithromycin (AZM) treatment with placebo for eight weeks. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples were obtained before and after treatment to explore the effects of AZM on microbiome, in the lower airways. 16S rRNA was quantified and sequenced (MiSeq) The amplicons from total 39 samples are barcoded and the barcode is provided in the metadata_complete.txt file.
Project description:HAE cultures were infected with SARS-CoV, SARS-dORF6 or SARS-BatSRBD and were directly compared to A/CA/04/2009 H1N1 influenza-infected cultures. Cell samples were collected at various hours post-infection for analysis. Time Points = 0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96 hrs post-infection for SARS-CoV, SARS-dORF6 and SARS-BatSRBD. Time Points = 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36 and 48 hrs post-infection for H1N1. Done in triplicate or quadruplicate for RNA Triplicates/quadruplicates are defined as 3/4 different wells, plated at the same time and using the same cell stock for all replicates. Time matched mocks done in triplicate from same cell stock as rest of samples. Culture medium (the same as what the virus stock is in) will be used for the mock infections. Infection was done at an MOI of 2.