Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

Transcription profiling of rat samples response to dioxins (TCDD) to study the conserved transcriptional response of rat and mouse, see related set E-GEOD-10769 for mouse data


ABSTRACT: Background; Mouse and rat models are mainstays in pharmacology, toxicology and drug development – but differences between strains and between species complicate data interpretation and application to human health. Dioxin-like polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons represent a major class of environmentally and economically relevant toxicants. In mammals dioxin exposure leads to a broad spectrum of adverse affects, including hepatotoxicity of varying severity. Several studies have shown that dioxins extensively alter hepatic mRNA levels. Surprisingly, though, analysis of a limited portion of the transcriptome revealed that rat and mouse responses diverge greatly (Boverhof et al. Toxicol Sci 94:398–416, 2006). Results; We employed oligonucleotide arrays to compare the response of 8,125 rat and mouse orthologs. We confirmed that there is limited inter-species overlap in dioxin-responsive genes. Rat-specific and mouse-specific genes are enriched for specific functional groups which differ between species, conceivably accounting for species-specificities in liver histopathology. While no evidence for the involvement of copy-number variation was found, extensive inter-species variation in the transcriptional-regulatory network was identified; Nr2f1 and Fos emerged as candidates to explain species-specific and species-independent responses, respectively. Conclusion; Our results suggest that a small core of genes is responsible for mediating the similar features of dioxin hepatotoxicity in rats and mice but non-overlapping pathways are simultaneously at play to result in distinctive histopathological outcomes. The extreme divergence between mouse and rat transcriptomic responses appears to reflect divergent transcriptional-regulatory networks. Taken together, these data suggest that both rat and mouse models should be used to screen the acute hepatotoxic effects of drugs and toxic compounds. Experiment Overall Design: Wild-type Long-Evans(Kuopio) rats were treated with 100 ug/kg TCDD (n=4) or with cornoil vehicle as control (n=4) for 19 hours. Their livers were then excised, RNA extracted, and the resulting samples hybridized to Affymetrix RAE230A arrays to survey changes in the transcriptome profile.

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Paul C. Boutros  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-10770 | ArrayExpress | 2008-10-25

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE10770PRJNA107443

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Transcriptomic responses to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in liver: comparison of rat and mouse.

Boutros Paul C PC   Yan Rui R   Moffat Ivy D ID   Pohjanvirta Raimo R   Okey Allan B AB  

BMC genomics 20080916


Mouse and rat models are mainstays in pharmacology, toxicology and drug development -- but differences between strains and between species complicate data interpretation and application to human health. Dioxin-like polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons represent a major class of environmentally and economically relevant toxicants. In mammals dioxin exposure leads to a broad spectrum of adverse affects, including hepatotoxicity of varying severity. Several studies have shown that dioxins extensiv  ...[more]

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