Dataset Information


Children's Oncology Group Study 9906 for High-Risk Pediatric ALL

ABSTRACT: PAPER 1:"Identification of novel subgroups of high-risk pediatric precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by unsupervised microarray analysis: clinical correlates and therapeutic implications. A Children's Oncology Group (COG) study." ABSTRACT We examined gene expression profiles of pre-treatment specimens from 207 patients from the COG P9906 study to identify signatures of children with high risk B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to determine whether the resulting clusters are associated with either specific clinical features or treatment response characteristics. Four unsupervised clustering methods were utilized to classify patients into similar groups. The different clustering algorithms showed significant overlap in cluster membership. Two clusters contained all cases with either t(1;19)(q23;p13) translocations or MLL rearrangements. The other six clusters were novel and had no recurring chromosomal abnormalities or distinctive clinical features. Members of two of these novel clusters had significant survival differences when compared to the overall 4-year relapse-free survival (RFS) of 61%. These included clusters of patients with either significantly better (94.7%) or worse (21.0%) RFS at 4 years. Children of Hispanic/Latino ethnicity were disproportionately present in the poor outcome cluster. The poor outcome cluster represents a novel biologically distinctive subset of B-precursor ALL that may occur at least as frequently as BCR/ABL. Further molecular characterization of this cluster may lead to the discovery of genomic abnormalities that can be targeted to improve the currently dismal outcome for children with this gene signature. The Sample data have also been used in another study: PAPER 2: "Gene expression classifiers for minimal residual disease and relapse free survival improve outcome prediction and risk classification in children with high risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A Children's Oncology Group study". ABSTRACT Background. Nearly 25% of children with B-precursor ALL present with "high-risk" disease (HR-ALL) that is resistant to current therapies. Gene expression profiling may yield molecular classifiers for outcome prediction that can be used to improve risk classification and therapeutic targeting. Methods. Expression profiles were obtained in pre-treatment leukemic samples from 207 uniformly treated children with HR-ALL. Relapse free survival (RFS) was 61% at 4 years and flow cytometric measures of minimal residual disease (MRD) at the end of induction (day 29) were predictive of outcome (P<0.001). Molecular classifiers predictive of RFS and MRD were developed using extensive cross-validation procedures. Results. A 38 gene molecular risk classifier predictive of RFS (MRC-RFS) distinguished two groups in HR-ALL with different relapse risks: low (4 yr RFS: 81%, n=109) vs. high (4 yr RFS: 50%, n=98) (P<0.0001). In multivariate analysis, the best predictor combined MRC-RFS and day 29 flow MRD data, classifying children into low (87% RFS), intermediate (62% RFS), or high risk (29% RFS) groups (P<0.0001). A 21 gene molecular classifier predictive of MRD could effectively substitute for day 29 flow MRD, yielding a combined classifier that similarly distinguished three risk groups at pre-treatment (low: 82% RFS; intermediate: 63% RFS; and high risk: 45% RFS) (P<0.0001). This combined molecular classifier was further validated on an independent cohort of 84 children with HR-ALL (P = 0.006). Conclusions. Molecular classifiers predictive of RFS and MRD can be used to distinguish distinct prognostic groups within HR-ALL, significantly improving risk classification schemes and the ability to prospectively identify children at diagnosis who will respond to or fail current treatment regimens. NOTE: Due to Children's Oncology Group (COG) restrictions, outcome and MRD data cannot be provided as part of the covariate data for this dataset at the present time. If you would like to arrange individual access to this data, please contact COG or the PI of this study, Dr. Cheryl Willman, at the University of New Mexico Cancer Center ( to arrange a collaboration. Unsupervised clustering and supervised risk classification analyses of 207 diagnostic samples and associated clinical covariate data. See the Summary for greater details. The data were analyzed using Microarray Suite version 5.0 (MAS 5.0) in the Affymetrix Gene Chip Operating Software Version 1.4. Probe masking was used (see 9906_TT207_Affymetrix_probe_mask.msk, linked below as a supplementary file). Otherwise all Affymetrix default parameter settings were used. Global scaling as the normalization method, with the default target intensity of 500, was used.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Bruce Camitta   Kerem Ar  William L Carroll  Meenakshi Devidas  Cheryl L Willman  Huining Kang  Richard C Harvey  Stephen P Hunger  Gregory H Reaman  I-Ming Chen  Michael J Borowitz  W P Bowman  Xuefei Wang  Susan R Atlas  Jeanette Pullen  Edward J Bedrick  Andrew J Carroll  George S Davidson  Maurice Murphy  Deepa Bhojwani  Carla S Wilson 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-11877 | ArrayExpress | 2009-06-25



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Identification of novel cluster groups in pediatric high-risk B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia with gene expression profiling: correlation with genome-wide DNA copy number alterations, clinical characteristics, and outcome.

Harvey Richard C RC   Mullighan Charles G CG   Wang Xuefei X   Dobbin Kevin K KK   Davidson George S GS   Bedrick Edward J EJ   Chen I-Ming IM   Atlas Susan R SR   Kang Huining H   Ar Kerem K   Wilson Carla S CS   Wharton Walker W   Murphy Maurice M   Devidas Meenakshi M   Carroll Andrew J AJ   Borowitz Michael J MJ   Bowman W Paul WP   Downing James R JR   Relling Mary M   Yang Jun J   Bhojwani Deepa D   Carroll William L WL   Camitta Bruce B   Reaman Gregory H GH   Smith Malcolm M   Hunger Stephen P SP   Willman Cheryl L CL  

Blood 20100810 23

To resolve the genetic heterogeneity within pediatric high-risk B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a clinically defined poor-risk group with few known recurring cytogenetic abnormalities, we performed gene expression profiling in a cohort of 207 uniformly treated children with high-risk ALL. Expression profiles were correlated with genome-wide DNA copy number abnormalities and clinical and outcome features. Unsupervised clustering of gene expression profiling data revealed 8 unique  ...[more]

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