Dataset Information


Effects of diet and age on canine skeletal muscle (biceps femoris) gene expression

ABSTRACT: Aging animals display a decline in a multitude of physical and physiological functions, including muscle function and strength. Muscle gene expression in dogs has been evaluated for a few select genes under pathogenic or varying dietary conditions, but global gene expression profiles of aged animals has not been performed. Because the mechanisms contributing to age-related decline in muscle function are poorly defined, we used canine microarrays to compare gene expression profiles of muscle tissue from geriatric and young adult dogs. Skeletal muscle (biceps femoris) samples were collected from 6 geriatric (12 yr-old) and 6 young adult (1 yr-old) female beagles after being fed one of two diets (animal protein-based versus plant-protein based) for 12 months. RNA samples were hybridized to Affymetrix GeneChip Canine Genome Arrays. Statistical analyses indicated that age had the greatest impact on gene expression, with 262 genes differentially expressed in geriatric dogs. Although not as robust as age, diet affected mRNA abundance of 22 genes. The effect of age was most notable in genes related to metabolism, cell cycle and cell development, and transcription function, with all of these functional groups being predominantly down-regulated in older animals. The effect of diet on gene expression was mostly limited to the geriatric animals, but interactions between age and diet do not allow for a clear-cut pattern of gene expression to be observed. Keywords: age; diet Six geriatric (11.1 yr old) and 6 weanling (8 wk old) female beagles were used. Three dogs of each age were assigned to one of two dietary treatments and fed for 12 months. Diets tested in this experiment were previously shown to manipulate energy metabolism. One diet was an animal-protein based diet (APB) and was composed primarily of highly digestible ingredients and animal-derived protein and fat sources (brewer’s rice, poultry by-product meal, poultry fat) and was formulated to contain 28% protein, 23% fat, and 5% dietary fiber. The other diet was a plant-protein based diet (PPB) and was composed primarily of moderately digestible plant-derived ingredients (corn, soybean meal, wheat middlings, and meat and bone meal) and was formulated to contain 26% protein, 11% fat, and 15% dietary fiber. Although the two diets were very different in terms of ingredient and chemical composition, both were formulated to meet or exceed all nutrient requirements for canine growth according to the Association of American Feed Control Officials. Young dogs were fed ad libitum to allow for adequate growth, while geriatric dogs were fed to maintain baseline BW throughout the experiment. To produce the desired metabolic effects, the PPB diet was formulated to contain a lower caloric density (APB = 5.38 kcal/g; PPB = 4.75 kcal/g) and have a lower nutrient digestibility than the APB diet. Thus, dogs fed the PPB diet needed to consume a greater (P<0.05) quantity of food (237 g/d; 1123 kcal/d) than dogs fed the APB diet (166 g/d; 893 kcal/d) to grow (young) or maintain BW (geriatrics). Even though metabolic indices were altered, mean BW among dietary treatments was not different at any time over the course of the study for young or geriatric dogs. After 12 months on experiment, animals were fasted for 12 hr and then given a lethal dose (130 mg/kg BW) of sodium pentobarbital (Euthasol, Virbac Corp., Fort Worth, TX) intravenously into the left forearm. Death was confirmed by lack of respiration and a corneal reflex, and absence of a heartbeat detected with a stethoscope placed under the left elbow. Skeletal muscle samples were collected immediately after death was confirmed, flash frozen using liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80oC until further analysis.

ORGANISM(S): Canis lupus familiaris  

SUBMITTER: Lawrence B Schook   Kelly Scott Swanson  Kelly S Swanson 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-12502 | ArrayExpress | 2010-05-22



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Age and diet affect gene expression profile in canine skeletal muscle.

Middelbos Ingmar S IS   Vester Brittany M BM   Karr-Lilienthal Lisa K LK   Schook Lawrence B LB   Swanson Kelly S KS  

PloS one 20090216 2

We evaluated gene transcription in canine skeletal muscle (biceps femoris) using microarray analysis to identify effects of age and diet on gene expression. Twelve female beagles were used (six 1-year olds and six 12-year olds) and they were fed one of two experimental diets for 12 months. One diet contained primarily plant-based protein sources (PPB), whereas the second diet contained primarily animal-based protein sources (APB). Affymetrix GeneChip Canine Genome Arrays were used to hybridize e  ...[more]

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