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Paclitaxel resistant MDA-MB-231 Cells and resensitization with bexarotene treatment

ABSTRACT: Acquired drug resistance represents a major challenge in chemo-therapy treatment for various types of cancers. We have found that the retinoid X receptor–selective agonist bexarotene (LGD1069, Targretin) was efficacious in treating chemo-resistant cancer cells. The goal of this microarray study was to understand the mechanism of bexarotene’s role in overcoming acquired drug resistance using human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 as a model system and paclitaxel as model compound. After MDA-MB-231 cells were repeatedly treated with paclitaxel for 8 cycles with each cycle including a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium, MDA cells resistant to paclitaxel were developed and their growth was no longer inhibited by paclitaxel treatment. Those MDA cells with acquired drug resistance, when treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene in combination, could regain their sensitivity and their growth were again inhibited. Therefore, RNA samples from parental MDA-MB-231 cells, paclitaxel-resistant MDA cells treated with vehicle, paclitaxel alone or in combination with bexarotene, were used for perform global gene expression profiling with Affymetrix HG-U133A gene chips. Keywords: Drug Treatment MDA-MB-231 cells were exposed to regimens on a 10-day cycle: a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium. Paclitaxel resistant MDA-MB-231 cells (MDA-PR) were established within 8 cycles of such treatment (80 days). These MDA-PR cells were then treated with vehicle control, paclitaxel along, or the combination of 30 nM paclitaxel ( 3 days on and 7 days off) and 1 µM Targretin (10 days on) in a new 10-day cycle for 3 months. Thus, there are four treatment groups, parent MDA cells, MDA-PR, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene, and each group had four biological replicates.


ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Wen Luo   Jenifer M Sanders  Thomas W Hermann 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-12791 | ArrayExpress | 2011-07-18



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Identification of polymorphisms associated with hypertriglyceridemia and prolonged survival induced by bexarotene in treating non-small cell lung cancer.

Luo Wen W   Schork Nicholas J NJ   Marschke Keith B KB   Ng Shi-Chung SC   Hermann Thomas W TW   Zhang Jinkun J   Sanders Jennifer M JM   Tooker Patricia P   Malo Nathalie N   Zapala Matthew A MA   Dziewanowska Zofia E ZE   Negro-Vilar Andres A   Meglasson Martin D MD  

Anticancer research 20110601 6

BACKGROUND: Bexarotene was evaluated in treating advanced non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in two phase III trials. Although a significant survival benefit was not observed for the overall bexarotene-treated population (617 patients), a third of bexarotene-treated patients who developed high-grade hypertriglyceridemia exhibited significantly longer survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to identify genomic polymorphisms that could serve as potential predictive biomarkers for response and imp  ...[more]

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