ABSTRACT: p53 knockdown by shRNA markedly increased efficiency of human iPS cell generation Gene expression patterns were compared between human ES cells and dermal fibroblasts. Gene expression patterns were also compared between p53 shRNA-treated fibroblasts and control fibroblasts.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE13312: Role of p53 in mouse iPS cell generation GSE13334: Effect of p53 in human iPS cell generation Refer to individual Series
Project description:Myc regulates many gene expression during cell growth, development, or other many cellular events. C-Myc is a well known molecule which expression increase in many cancers. Overexpression of c-Myc causes cell transformation, apoptosis, etc. There are several Myc family genes in human, mouse, or other species. The function of N-Myc was well characterized and was similar to that of c-Myc. However, the function of L-Myc is not clearly examined. To examine the function of L-Myc, we perfomed microarray analyses using L-Myc overexpressed human fibroblasts. Adult human fibroblasts were transduced with Myc and their mutants and were used for microarray analyses.
Project description:Microarray analysis was performed on a well-defined set of potato tuber samples grown under different, well-recorded environmental conditions. The data were analysed to assess the potential of transcriptomics to detect differences in gene expression as a result of these environmental conditions. Differences were found for both factors, both in PCA and in ANOVA analysis.
Project description:We observed a marked increase in efficiency of iPS cell generation when p53 is deleted. Experiment Overall Design: Gene expression patterns were compared between p53 wt MEF and p53-null MEF cells. Experiment Overall Design: Gene expression patterns were also compared between ES cells and MEF.
Project description:Martian regolith (unconsolidated surface material) is a potential medium for plant growth in bioregenerative life support systems during manned missions on Mars. However, hydrated magnesium sulfate mineral levels in the regolith of Mars can reach as high as 10 wt%, and would be expected to be highly inhibitory to plant growth. A global approach was used to identify novel genes with potential to enhance tolerance to high MgSO4 stress. The early Arabidopsis root transcriptome response to elevated concentrations of magnesium sulfate was characterized in col-0, and also between col-0 and the mutant line cax1-1 – a mutant relatively tolerant of high levels of MgSO4•7H2O in soil solution. After 3 weeks of growth under hydroponic conditions, Arabidopsis thaliana col-0 roots were exposed to a basic nutrient solution (0.25 g/L MES, 1/16x MS, pH 5.7) with an additional 2.08 mM magnesium sulfate (total Ca:Mg ratio = 1:15) for 45 min., 90 min., or 180 min., while a col-0 control set was exposed to the basic nutrient solution without additional magnesium sulfate for 45 minutes. Arabidopsis thaliana cax1-1 roots were exposed to the basic nutrient solution with additional magnesium sulfate for 180 min. only. Four replicate containers were harvested for the control and each of the treatment sets, resulting in a total of 20 samples. Gene expression of the col-0 sets exposed to magnesium sulfate treatment for 45 min., 90 min., or 180 min. was compared to gene expression of the col-0 control set. Gene expression of the cax1-1 set exposed to magnesium sulfate treatment for 180 min. was compared to gene expression of the col-0 set exposed to magnesium sulfate treatment for 180 minutes.
Project description:For the expression analysis of undifferentiated and differentiated tissues a meristem enriched fraction and young leaves (up to 3 mm leaf blade length) were isolated from clavata3-9 plants. Clavata3-9 mutants harbour larger shoot apical meristems than wild type plants enabling the preparation of meristematic tissue by manual dissection. Samples from both tissues were used for expression and histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) analysis. Tissues for expression and H3K27me3 ChIP-chip analyses were simultaneously harvested. Meristem enriched samples (XMe1 and XMe2) and young leaf samples (XLe1 and XLe2) of clavata3-9 plants were isolated and hybridised to Agilent 44 k arrays [G2519F, V4 (Agilent, Santa Clara)]. Two biological replicates were performed.
Project description:Human malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an aggressive tumor strongly associated with asbestos exposure. SM patients generally have poorer prognosis compared to EM patients. To identify potential genes accounting for the differential prognosis between these two subtypes, we compared the microarray gene expression profiles of rat SM and EM tissues induced by intraperitoneal injections of 3 types of asbestos (chrysotile,crocidolite and amosite). Carcinogenesis protocol was performed using specific pathogen-free male and female F1 hybrid rats between Fischer344 and Brown-Norway strains. A total of 28 microarrays (Whole Rat Genome Microarray) were used for screening purpose: The 2 arrays were used for knife-scraped peritoneal mesothelial cells, 2 arrays for cultured peritoneal mesothelial cells and 24 arrays for MM samples.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24464: Expression analysis of meristematic tissue (Me) and young leaves (Le) isolated by manual dissection of clv3-9 plants GSE24474: H3K27 tri-methylation analysis of meristematic tissue (Me) and young leaves (Le) isolated by manual dissection of clv3-9 plants Refer to individual Series
Project description:Global analysis of H3K4 methylation defines MLL family member targets and points to a role for MLL1-mediated H3K4 methylation in the regulation of transcriptional initiation by RNA polymerase II A common landmark of activated genes is the presence of trimethylation on lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4) at promoter regions. The Set1/COMPASS was the founding member and the only H3K4 methylases in S. cerevisiae, however, in mammals at least six H3K4 methylases Set1A/B and MLL1-4 are found in COMPASS-like complexes capable of methylating H3K4. To gain further insight into the different roles and functional targets for the H3K4 methylases, we have undertaken a genome-wide analysis of H3K4 methylation pattern in wild-type Mll1+/+ and Mll1-/- mouse fibroblasts (MEFs). We found that Mll1 is required for the H3K4 trimethylation of less than 5% of promoters carrying this modification. Many of these genes, which include developmental regulators such as Hox genes show decreased levels of RNA polymerase II recruitment and expression concomitant with the loss of H3K4 methylation. Although Mll1 is only required for the methylation of a subset of Hox genes, Menin, a component of the Mll1 and Mll2 complexes, is required for the overwhelming majority of H3K4 methylation at Hox loci. However, the loss of MLL3/4 and/or the Set1 complexes have little to no effect on the Hox loci H3K4 methylation or expression levels in these MEFs. Together these data provide insight into redundancy and specialization of COMPASS-like complexes in mammals and provide evidence on a possible role for Mll1-mediated H3K4 methylation in the regulation of transcriptional initiation. Expression arrays were done with Mll1+/+ and Mll1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Four replicates were done (dyes were swapped). DNA was hybridized to Agilent Mouse Whole Genome Expression Arrays (4x44k).