Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

43

Evolution of E. coli transcriptome under osmotic-stress with and without RpoS


ABSTRACT: The RpoS sigma factor protein of Escherichia coli is the master transcriptional regulator of physiological responses to a variety of stresses. This stress response comes at the expense of scavenging for scarce resources, causing a trade-off between stress tolerance and nutrient acquisition. This trade-off favors non-functional rpoS alleles in nutrient-poor environments. We used experimental evolution to explore how natural selection modifies the regulatory network of strains lacking RpoS when they are evolved in an osmotically stressful environment. We found that strains lacking RpoS adapt less variably, in terms of both fitness increase and changes in patterns of transcription, than strains with functional RpoS. This phenotypic uniformity was caused by the same adaptive mutation in every independent population: the insertion of IS10 into the promoter of otsBA. OtsA and OtsB are required to synthesize the osmoprotectant trehalose, and transcription of otsBA requires RpoS in the wild-type genetic background. The evolved IS10 insertion rewires expression of otsBA from RpoS-dependent to RpoS-independent, allowing for partial restoration of wild-type response to osmotic stress. Our results show that the regulatory networks of bacteria Keywords: evolution; expression This study started with wild-type and rpoS- strains, and evolved five lines from each, for a total of 12 strains. Expression was measured for each strain with two separate biological replicates of RNA

ORGANISM(S): Escherichia coli  

SUBMITTER: Charles J Dorman  Daniel M Stoebel   Karsten Hokamp   Michael S Last    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-13666 | ArrayExpress | 2012-03-27

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE13666PRJNA110409

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Compensatory evolution of gene regulation in response to stress by Escherichia coli lacking RpoS.

Stoebel Daniel M DM   Hokamp Karsten K   Last Michael S MS   Dorman Charles J CJ  

PLoS genetics 20091002 10


The RpoS sigma factor protein of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase is the master transcriptional regulator of physiological responses to a variety of stresses. This stress response comes at the expense of scavenging for scarce resources, causing a trade-off between stress tolerance and nutrient acquisition. This trade-off favors non-functional rpoS alleles in nutrient-poor environments. We used experimental evolution to explore how natural selection modifies the regulatory network of strains lacki  ...[more]

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