Dataset Information


Comparative transcriptome and phenotype analysis of acid-stressed Bacillus cereus strain ATCC 14579

ABSTRACT: The food-borne human pathogen Bacillus cereus is found in environments that often have a low pH, such as food and soil. The physiological response upon exposure to several levels of acidity were investigated of B. cereus model strain ATCC 14579, to elucidate the response of B. cereus to acid stress. pH 5.4, pH 5.0, pH 4.8 and pH 4.5 were selected to conduct microarray analyses, based on the differences in physiological response upon exposure to the acid conditions. The transcriptome data revealed response specific profiles. Showing mechanisms induced upon all the different acid down-shocks, such as nitrate reductase and energy production genes, and several genes specifically expressed differentially in mild or lethal levels of acidity, such as F1F0-ATPase and cydAB. Furthermore, mechanisms involved in oxidative stress response were found highly up-regulated in response to both mild and lethal acid stress. The induction of oxidative stress related genes may be a response to the formation of reactive oxygen species by a perturbation of the electron transport chain. Therefore, the formation of hydroxyl radicals and/ or peroxynitrite was monitored upon exposure to the different levels of acidity with a fluorescent probe in a flow cytometer. The formation of these oxidative compounds was shown to be specific for lethal pHs and a model to relate radical formation with the observed transcriptome profiles was proposed. Per acid down-shock three exposure times (i.e., 10, 30 and 60 min) were each compared with non-exposed cells (i.e., t0). In total 4 different acid down-shocks were applied, pH 5.4, pH 5.0, pH 4.8 and pH 4.5. The experiments were performed in duplicate and the duplicate samples were hybridised with a dye-swap.


SUBMITTER: Roy Moezelaar  Clint van Melis  Tjakko Abee  Richard van Kranenburg  Maarten Mols 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-13711 | ArrayExpress | 2010-06-25



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Analysis of acid-stressed Bacillus cereus reveals a major oxidative response and inactivation-associated radical formation.

Mols Maarten M   van Kranenburg Richard R   van Melis Clint C J CC   Moezelaar Roy R   Abee Tjakko T  

Environmental microbiology 20100113 4

Acid stress resistance of the food-borne human pathogen Bacillus cereus may contribute to its survival in acidic environments, such as encountered in soil, food and the human gastrointestinal tract. The acid stress responses of B. cereus strains ATCC 14579 and ATCC 10987 were analysed in aerobically grown cultures acidified to pH values ranging from pH 5.4 to pH 4.4 with HCl. Comparative phenotype and transcriptome analyses revealed three acid stress-induced responses in this pH range: growth ra  ...[more]

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