Transcriptomics

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Role of SPI-1 Secreted Effectors, SipA, SopABDE2, in Acute Bovine Response to Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium


ABSTRACT: Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) causes enterocolitis in humans and calves characterized by diarrhea and polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) influx to the intestinal mucosa. The Salmonella Type III Secretion System encoded at Pathogenicity Island I (SPI-1) translocates the Salmonella effector proteins SipA, SopA, SopB, SopD, and SopE2 into the host epithelial cell cytoplasm. These five effector proteins act in concert to induce fluid secretion and transcription of C-X-C chemokines, which serve to recruit PMNs to the intestine. While the individual molecular interactions of these Salmonella proteins with cultured host cells have been extensively characterized, their combined role in the generation of fluid secretion and inflammation is less well understood. A bovine ligated ileal loop model was used in conjunction with a custom bovine microarray to determine intestinal response to acute S. Typhimurium infection in the calf. Gene expression responses to both wild type S. Typhimurium a delta sipA, sopABDE2 mutant were measured at seven times during the initial 12 hours of infection. Microarray analysis confirmed increased expression of genes encoding proteins previously associated with immune response to Salmonella spp. infection. Gene expression changes were mapped to molecular interaction pathways and changes in expression of mechanistic genes, which are defined as perturbed genes identified by Bayesian genetic network modeling, were strongly involved in the mechanisms of the host immune response. In addition to correctly identifying known effects of wild type S. Typhimurium on host (bovine) gene expression, Bayesian genetic network modeling identified novel effects of S. Typhimurium on several molecular interaction pathways. Novel effects impacted gene regulation in the following pathways: adipocytokine signaling, insulin signaling, complement and coagulation cascades, axon guidance, gap junction, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, long-term depression, long-term potentiation, melanogenesis, and natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity. Known effects were observed in the following pathways: regulation of actin cytoskeleton, apoptosis, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), MAPK signaling, calcium signaling, Jak-STAT signaling, leukocyte transendothelial migration, adherens junction, tight junction, and ECM-receptor interactions, phosphatidylinositol signaling system, and antigen processing and presentation. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to verify the expression of some of these mechanistic genes. Microarrays were used to examine the transcriptional profiles of bovine intestinal epithelia infected with wild type Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium (control and wild type or delta sipA sopABDE2 mutant infected) across seven time points (15 min, 30 min, 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 hours). Experiments were performed in quadruplicate (bovine ligated ileal loops surgeries were performed with four calves), generateing a total of 84 arrays.

ORGANISM(S): Bos taurus  

SUBMITTER: Robin E Everts   Kenneth Drake  Jairo E Nunes  Leslie Garry Adams  Sarah A Luciano  Harris A Lewin  Josely F Figueiredo  Andreas J Bäumler  Cristi L Galindo  Harold R Garner  Carlos A Rossetti  L G Adams  Sangeeta Khare  Tamara Gull  George S Davidson  Sara D Lawhon 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-13847 | ArrayExpress | 2012-01-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE13847PRJNA110527

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) causes enterocolitis with diarrhea and polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) influx into the intestinal mucosa in humans and calves. The Salmonella Type III Secretion System (T3SS) encoded at Pathogenicity Island I translocates Salmonella effector proteins SipA, SopA, SopB, SopD, and SopE2 into epithelial cells and is required for induction of diarrhea. These effector proteins act together to induce intestinal fluid secretion and transcription of C  ...[more]

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