Dataset Information


Gene expression response to copper toxicity between coastal and open ocean strains of marine Synechococcus

ABSTRACT: Marine cyanobacteria are thought to be the most sensitive of the phytoplankton groups to copper toxicity, yet little is known of the transcriptional response of marine Synechococcus to copper shock. Global transcriptional response to two levels of copper shock was assayed in both a coastal and an open ocean strain of marine Synechococcus using whole genome expression microarrays. Both strains showed an osmoregulatory-like response, perhaps as a result of increasing membrane permeability. This could have implications for marine carbon cycling if copper shock leads to dissolved organic carbon leakage in Synechococcus. The two strains additionally showed a reduction in photosynthetic gene transcripts. Contrastingly, the open ocean strain showed a typical stress response whereas the coastal strain exhibited a more specific oxidative or heavy metal type response. In addition, the coastal strain activated more regulatory elements and transporters, many of which are not conserved in other marine Synechococcus strains and may have been acquired by horizontal gene transfer. Thus, tolerance to copper shock in some marine Synechococcus may in part be a result of an increased ability to sense and respond in a more specialized manner. In this series four conditions have been analyzed. These are moderate copper shock for Synechococcus sp. WH8102 and CC9311 (pCu 11.1 and pCu 10.1, respectively), and high copper shock for WH8102 and CC9311 (pCu 10.1 and pCu 9.1, respectively). For each slide, an experimental RNA sample was labeled with Cy3 or Cy5 and was hybridized with a reference RNA from a non-copper-shocked sample labeled with the other Cy dye. There are six or eight slides per condition, each with two biological replicates. There are three or four technical replicates for each biological replicate including at least one flip-dye comparison. Each slide contains six replicate spots per gene.


ORGANISM(S): Synechococcus Sp. Cc9311 Synechococcus Sp. Wh 8102

SUBMITTER: Daniel A Johnson   Chris Dupont  Rhona K Stuart  Brian Palenik  Ian T Paulsen  Katherine H Phillippy  Ian Paulsen 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-13910 | ArrayExpress | 2010-05-17


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Coastal strains of marine Synechococcus species exhibit increased tolerance to copper shock and a distinctive transcriptional response relative to those of open-ocean strains.

Stuart Rhona K RK   Dupont Chris L CL   Johnson D Aaron DA   Paulsen Ian T IT   Palenik Brian B  

Applied and environmental microbiology 20090605 15

Copper appears to be influencing the distribution and abundance of phytoplankton in marine environments, and cyanobacteria are thought to be the most sensitive of the phytoplankton groups to copper toxicity. By using growth assays of phylogenetically divergent clades, we found that coastal strains of marine Synechococcus species were more tolerant to copper shock than open-ocean strains. The global transcriptional response to two levels of copper shock were determined for both a coastal strain a  ...[more]

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