Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

122

The global expression profile of Bacillus subtilis to the toxic carbonyls methylglyoxal (MG) and formaldehyde (FA)


ABSTRACT: Abstract of associated menuscript; Quinones and alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyls are naturally occurring electrophiles that target cysteine residues via thiol-(S)-alkylation. We analyzed the global expression profile of Bacillus subtilis to the toxic carbonyls methylglyoxal (MG) and formaldehyde (FA). Both carbonyl compounds cause a stress response characteristic for thiol-reactive electrophiles as revealed by the induction of the Spx, CtsR, CymR, PerR, ArsR, CzrA, CsoR and SigmaD regulons. MG and FA triggered also a SOS response which indicates DNA damage. Protection against FA is mediated by both the hxlAB operon, encoding the ribulose monophosphate pathway for FA fixation, and a thiol-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (AdhA) and DJ-1/PfpI-family cysteine proteinase (YraA). The adhA-yraA operon and the yraC gene, encoding gamma-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase, are positively regulated by the MerR-family regulator, YraB(AdhR). AdhR binds specifically to its target promoters which contain a 7-4-7 inverted repeat (CTTAAAG-N4-CTTTAAG) between the -35 and -10 elements. Activation of adhA-yraA transcription by AdhR requires the conserved Cys52 residue in vivo. We speculate that AdhR is redox-regulated via thiol-(S)-alkylation by aldehydes and that AdhA and YraA are specifically involved in reduction of aldehydes and degradation or repair of damaged thiol-containing proteins, respectively. WT (-FA) vs. WT (+ 1 mM FA), WT (-MG) vs. WT (+ 2.8 mM MG), WT (-MG) vs. WT (+ 5.6 mM MG). Each experiement was conducted triplicates using three independent total RNA preparations. For all datasets used for final analysis, untreated samples were labeled with Cy3 and treated samples with Cy5.

ORGANISM(S): Bacillus subtilis  

SUBMITTER: Manuel Liebeke   Ulrike Mäder  Haike Antelmann  Michael Lalk  Thi Nguyen  Michael Hecker  John D. Helmann  John D Helmann  Warawan Eiamphungporn 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-13925 | ArrayExpress | 2010-05-15

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE13925PRJNA110255

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Genome-wide responses to carbonyl electrophiles in Bacillus subtilis: control of the thiol-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase AdhA and cysteine proteinase YraA by the MerR-family regulator YraB (AdhR).

Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen TT   Eiamphungporn Warawan W   Mäder Ulrike U   Liebeke Manuel M   Lalk Michael M   Hecker Michael M   Helmann John D JD   Antelmann Haike H  

Molecular microbiology 20081223 4


Quinones and alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyls are naturally occurring electrophiles that target cysteine residues via thiol-(S)-alkylation. We analysed the global expression profile of Bacillus subtilis to the toxic carbonyls methylglyoxal (MG) and formaldehyde (FA). Both carbonyl compounds cause a stress response characteristic for thiol-reactive electrophiles as revealed by the induction of the Spx, CtsR, CymR, PerR, ArsR, CzrA, CsoR and SigmaD regulons. MG and FA triggered also a SOS response  ...[more]

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