Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Gene expression profile of ARPE-19 cells treated with TGF and TNF for 6 and 42 hour.


ABSTRACT: Aberrant epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in pathological processes including fibrotic disorders and cancer invasion and metastasis. Alterations of the cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interaction also contribute to those pathological settings. However, the functional interplay between EMT and cell-ECM interaction is poorly understood. Here, we show that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, a potent mediator of inflammation, induces EMT-associated fibrosis in retinal pigment epithelial cells, and that this is regulated by hyaluronan (HA)-CD44-Moesin interaction. TNF-alpha elicits both HA synthesis and Moesin phosphorylation through protein kinase C activation, promoting binding of CD44 to the newly synthesized HA. The HA-CD44-Moesin interaction leads to cell-cell dissociation through actin remodeling and increased cellular motility associated with mesenchymal phenotype. Furthermore, we established an in vivo model of TNF-alpha-induced fibrosis in the mouse eye, and the ocular fibrosis was completely suppressed in CD44-null mice. Therefore, HA production and its interaction with CD44 plays essential role in TNF-alpha-induced-EMT, and the interference of the complex formation can be a new strategy for the fibrotic disorders. ARPE19 cell lines were treated with TGF and TNF for 6 and 42 hour. Each experiment were repeated three times. But 1hour experiment was repeated two times. For this submission, total RNA was extracted from TGF- or TNF-treated ARPE-19 cells and differential gene expression between each time point (6 and 42 hours) was determined using genechip arrays (Affymetrix, Human Genome U133).

REANALYSED by: E-GEOD-15205

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Rui Ose  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-15205 | ArrayExpress | 2010-03-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE15205PRJNA114967

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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