Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

RNAi of human HUVEC cells knocked down for HDAC isoenzymes reveals sHDAC5 is a repressor of angiogenesis and determines the angiogenic gene expression pattern of endothelial cells


ABSTRACT: Class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) are signal-responsive regulators of gene expression involved in vascular homeostasis. To investigate the differential role of class IIa HDACs for the regulation of angiogenesis, we used siRNA to specifically suppress the individual HDAC isoenzymes. Among the HDAC isoforms tested, silencing of HDAC5 exhibited a unique pro-angiogenic effect evidenced by increased endothelial cell migration, sprouting and tube formation. Consistently, overexpression of HDAC5 decreased sprout formation, indicating that HDAC5 is a negative regulator of angiogenesis. The anti-angiogenic activity of HDAC5 was independent of MEF2 binding and its deacetylase activity, but required a nuclear localization indicating that HDAC5 might affect the transcriptional regulation of gene expression. To identify putative HDAC5 targets, we performed microarray expression analysis. Silencing of HDAC5 increased the expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and angiogenic guidance factors including Slit2. Antagonization of FGF2 or Slit2 reduced sprout induction in response to HDAC5 siRNA. ChIP assays demonstrate that HDAC5 binds to the promoter of FGF2 and Slit2. In summary, HDAC5 represses angiogenic genes, like FGF2 and Slit2, which causally contribute to capillary-like sprouting of endothelial cells. The de-repression of angiogenic genes by HDAC5 inactivation may provide a useful therapeutic target for induction of angiogenesis. Experiment Overall Design: 6 samples: 3x siSCRAMBLED transfected HUVEC (control) + 3x siHDAC5 transfected HUVEC 24h after transfection

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Carmen Urbich  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-15499 | ArrayExpress | 2009-04-11

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE15499PRJNA115663

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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