Dataset Information


The IRE1α-XBP1 Pathway of the Unfolded Protein Response is Required for Adipogenesis

ABSTRACT: Signaling cascades during adipogenesis culminate in the expression of two essential adipogenic factors, PPARγ and C/EBPα. Here we demonstrate that the IRE1α-XBP1 pathway, the most conserved branch of the unfolded protein response (UPR), is indispensable for adipogenesis. Indeed, XBP1-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts and 3T3-L1 cells with XBP1 or IRE1α knockdown exhibit profound defects in adipogenesis. Intriguingly, C/EBPβ, a key early adipogenic factor, induces Xbp1 expression by directly binding to its proximal promoter region. Subsequently, XBP1 binds to the promoter of Cebpa and activates its gene expression. The posttranscriptional splicing of Xbp1 mRNA by IRE1α is required as only the spliced form of XBP1 (XBP1s) rescues the adipogenic defect exhibited by XBP1-deficient cells. Taken together, our data show that the IRE1α-XBP1 pathway plays a key role in adipocyte differentiation by acting as a critical regulator of the morphological and functional transformations during adipogenesis. The Xbp1 deficient MEFs are subjected to adipogenesis using standard drug induction. The cells are collected at day 0 and day 3. Total RNA are extracted from the cells and used for one channel microarray analysis. Expression levels on day 3 are compared to that on day 0.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ling Qi   Shi Hang  Cindy Wang  Yin He  Xinmin Zhang  Xiaoyong Yang  Anna Zenno  Hui Chen  Haibo Sha 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-15771 | ArrayExpress | 2010-06-19



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