Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

183

Many Human Large Intergenic Non-coding RNAs Associate with Chromatin Modifying Complexes and Affect Gene Expression


ABSTRACT: We recently showed that the mammalian genome encodes more than a thousand large intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) that are clearly conserved across mammals and thus functional. Gene expression patterns have implicated these lincRNAs in diverse biological processes including cell cycle regulation, immune surveillance, and embryonic stem cell pluripotency. However, the mechanism by which these lincRNAs function is unknown. Here, we expand the catalog of human lincRNAs to ~3300 by analyzing chromatin-state maps of various human cell types. Inspired by the observation that the well-characterized lincRNA HOTAIR bind the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), we tested whether many lincRNAs are physically associated with PRC2. Remarkably, we observe that ~20% of lincRNAs expressed in various cell types are bound by PRC2, and that additional lincRNAs are bound by other chromatin-modifying complexes. Moreover, we show that siRNA-mediated depletion of certain lincRNAs associated with PRC2 leads to changes in gene expression and that the upregulated genes are enriched for those normally silenced by PRC2. We propose a model in which some lincRNAs guide chromatin–modifying complexes to specific genomic loci to regulate gene expression. siRNA-mediated lincRNA knockdown siRNAs targeting specific lincRNAs were transected into human fibroblasts. Non-targeting siRNAs were used as controls. Both of these experiment types were hybridized to Affymetrix gene expression arrays. PRC2 RIP-Chip The PRC2 complex was immunoprecipitated using antibodies targetting Suz12 and the associated RNA was hybridized to Nimblegen tiling arrays representing lincRNAs. In parallel an IgG IP was performed and hybridized to the same NG arrays. RIP was performed for PRC2 and hybridized using a Cy3 label. In parallel, RIP was performed using IGG and labelled with Cy5 PRC2 RIP-Chip (dye swap) The PRC2 complex was immunoprecipitated using antibodies targetting Suz12 and the associated RNA was hybridized to Nimblegen tiling arrays representing lincRNAs. In parallel an IgG IP was performed and hybridized to the same NG arrays. RIP was performed for PRC2 and hybridized using a Cy5 label. In parallel, RIP was performed using IGG and labelled with Cy3 PRC2 RIP-Chip (no proteins) The PRC2 complex was immunoprecipitated using antibodies targetting Suz12 and the associated RNA was hybridized to Nimblegen tiling arrays representing lincRNAs. In parallel an IgG IP was performed and hybridized to the same NG arrays. RIP was performed for PRC2 and hybridized using a Cy3 label. In parallel, RIP was performed using IGG and labelled with Cy5 COREST RIP-Chip The COREST complex was immunoprecipitated using antibodies targetting COREST and the associated RNA was hybridized to Nimblegen tiling arrays representing lincRNAs. In parallel an IgG IP was performed and hybridized to the same NG arrays. RIP was performed for COREST and hybridized using a Cy3 label. In parallel, RIP was performed using IGG and labelled with Cy5 H3K27me3 and H3K4me2 modified histones RIP-Chip The H3K27me3 and H3K4me2 modified histones were immunoprecipitated using antibodies targetting COREST and the associated RNA was hybridized to Nimbelgen tiling arrays representing lincRNAs. In parallel an IgG IP was performed and hybridized to the same NG arrays. RIP was performed for COREST and hybridized using a Cy3 label. In parallel, RIP was performed using IGG and labelled with Cy5 Human lincRNA expression Human lincRNAs were profiled in HeLa, Lung FB, and Foot FB. In addition, nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions were taken in HeLa cells Total RNA was extracted from HeLa, Foot, and Lung cells and hybridized to NG tiling array. In addition, the nucleus was fractionated and RNA was hybridized to an array.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: John L Rinn   Ahmad Khalil  Eric S Lander  Mitchell Guttman 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-16226 | ArrayExpress | 2009-07-09

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE16226PRJNA117245

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Many human large intergenic noncoding RNAs associate with chromatin-modifying complexes and affect gene expression.

Khalil Ahmad M AM   Guttman Mitchell M   Huarte Maite M   Garber Manuel M   Raj Arjun A   Rivea Morales Dianali D   Thomas Kelly K   Presser Aviva A   Bernstein Bradley E BE   van Oudenaarden Alexander A   Regev Aviv A   Lander Eric S ES   Rinn John L JL  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20090701 28


We recently showed that the mammalian genome encodes >1,000 large intergenic noncoding (linc)RNAs that are clearly conserved across mammals and, thus, functional. Gene expression patterns have implicated these lincRNAs in diverse biological processes, including cell-cycle regulation, immune surveillance, and embryonic stem cell pluripotency. However, the mechanism by which these lincRNAs function is unknown. Here, we expand the catalog of human lincRNAs to approximately 3,300 by analyzing chroma  ...[more]

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