Transcriptomics

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Age-related para-inflammation in the neuroretina of the mouse


ABSTRACT: To understand the age-related retinal gene changes, gene transcription profiles of neural retinal tissues from young adult (3-month) mice and old (20-month) mice were investigated by microarray. With age, 632 genes were up-regulated and 429 genes were down-regulated in the retina. Functional annotation showed that genes linked to immune responses and to tissue stress/injury responses were most modified by old age. Significant numbers of gene involved in the innate immune response including leukocyte activation, chemotaxis, endocytosis, complement activation, phagocytosis and myeloid cell differentiation were up-regulated and only a few were down-regulated. Increased microglial and complement activation in the aging retina was further confirmed by confocal microscopy of retinal tissues. The results suggest that retinal aging is accompanied with activation of a number of local inflammatory responses. A modified form of low-grade chronic inflammation (para-inflammation) characterizes these aging changes and involves mainly the innate immune system. Para-inflammation per se may be beneficial to normal retinal physiology in aging by promoting retinal homeostasis; conversely, dysreulation of the para-inflammation response may contribute to the pathogenesis of age-related retinal degeneration. Six young (3-month) and six old (20-month) mice were used for microarray study. Total RNA from each sample were extracted and undergone quality control analysis. RNA from 3 mice of the same group were then pooled together for gene array experiment.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Mei Chen   Heping Xu 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-17423 | ArrayExpress | 2009-12-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE17423PRJNA118909

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Immune activation in retinal aging: a gene expression study.

Chen Mei M   Muckersie Elizabeth E   Forrester John V JV   Xu Heping H  

Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 20100610 11


PURPOSE: To investigate changes in gene expression during aging of the retina in the mouse. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from the neuroretina of young (3-month-old) and old (20-month-old) mice and processed for microarray analysis. Age-related, differentially expressed genes were assessed by the empiric Bayes shrinkage-moderated t-statistics METHOD: Statistical significance was based on dual criteria of a ratio of change in gene expression >2 and a P < 0.01. Differential expression in 11 sel  ...[more]

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