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MRNA profiling reveals divergent roles of PPARa and PPARß/d in regulating mouse liver gene expression (PPARa samples)

ABSTRACT: Little is known about the role of the transcription factor PPARß/d in liver. Here we set out to better elucidate the function of PPARß/d in liver by comparing the effect of PPARa and PPARß/d deletion using whole genome transcriptional profiling and analysis of plasma and liver metabolites. In fed state, the number of genes altered by PPARa and PPARß/d deletion was similar, whereas in fasted state the effect of PPARa deletion was much more pronounced, consistent with the pattern of gene expression of PPARa and PPARß/d. Minor overlap was found between PPARa- and PPARß/d-dependent gene regulation in liver. Pathways upregulated by PPARß/d deletion were connected to innate immunity. Pathways downregulated by PPARß/d deletion included lipoprotein metabolism and various pathways related to glucose utilization, which correlated with elevated plasma glucose and triglycerides and reduced plasma cholesterol in PPARß/d-/- mice. Downregulated genes that may underlie these metabolic alterations included Pklr, Fbp1, Apoa4, Vldlr, Lipg, and Pcsk9, which may represent novel PPARß/d target genes. In contrast to PPARa-/- mice, no changes in plasma FFA, plasma ß-hydroxybutyrate, liver triglycerides and liver glycogen were observed in PPARß/d-/- mice. Our data indicate a role for PPARß/d in hepatic glucose utilization and lipoprotein metabolism but not in the adaptive response to fasting. Keywords: Analysis of target gene regulation by using microarrays Pure-bred Sv129 PPARα -/- mice and corresponding wildtype mice were used. Male mice (n=4-5 per group) were either fed or fasted for 24 hours. At the end of the experiment, mice were anaesthetized with a mixture of isofluorane (1.5%), nitrous oxide (70%) and oxygen (30%). Blood was collected by orbital puncture, after which the mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation. Livers were dissected, snap frozen in liquid nitrogen and kept at -80ºC until further analysis. For RNA analyses, tissue from the same part of the liver lobe was used.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Linda Sanderson   Mark Boekschoten  Sander Kersten  Michael Müller  Guido Hooiveld  Beatrice Desvergne 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-17863 | ArrayExpress | 2010-06-21



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Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARbeta/delta) but not PPARalpha serves as a plasma free fatty acid sensor in liver.

Sanderson Linda M LM   Degenhardt Tatjana T   Koppen Arjen A   Kalkhoven Eric E   Desvergne Beatrice B   Müller Michael M   Kersten Sander S  

Molecular and cellular biology 20091005 23

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is an important transcription factor in liver that can be activated physiologically by fasting or pharmacologically by using high-affinity synthetic agonists. Here we initially set out to elucidate the similarities in gene induction between Wy14643 and fasting. Numerous genes were commonly regulated in liver between the two treatments, including many classical PPARalpha target genes, such as Aldh3a2 and Cpt2. Remarkably, several genes  ...[more]

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